Chapter #4 EIRA Glossary

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The table below provides an overview of the most common terms and acronyms used throughout this document. 

The format of an EIRA© PURI is http:// data.europa.eu/dr8/<EIRA_ABB> ;

ABB's name EIRA view Description
Architecture Principle Legal view Architecture Principles define the underlying general rules and guidelines for the use and deployment of all IT resources and assets across the enterprise. They reflect a level of consensus among the various elements of the enterprise, and form the basis for making future IT decisions.
Binding Instrument Legal view Legal means, involving an obligation, which are available to the European institutions to carry out their tasks.
Detail-Level Architecture Requirement Legal View Detail-Level Architecture Requirement ABB is a Requirement formulating low level capabilities that a To-Be Digital Public Service should provide.
Legal Act Legal view Formalised set of rules on a subject potentially including requirements concerning digital public services.
Granularity of Legal Requirements Legal view Granularity of Legal Requirements ABB is a Value Stream representing to what extent granularity of legal requirememts can be expressed in the context of realising a legal act. 
Legal Interoperability Agreement Legal view A legal interoperability agreement is legal resource formalizing governance rules enabling collaboration between digital public services
National Legal Act Legal view National Legal Act ABB is a business object enabling the adoption of laws on a national level.
European Legal Act Legal view European Legal Act ABB is a Business Object enabling the adoption of laws by the Institutions of the European Union in order to exercise the powers given to them by the EU Treaties. They come in five forms: regulations, directives, decisions, recommendations and opinions.
Legislation Catalogue Legal view Indexed inventory of legal documents with comprehensiveness and trustiness value
Legislation on data Information and Knowledge Exchange Legal view Legal act on the exchange of data, information, and knowledge between different agents (private and public) at national and/or cross-border level. 
Non-Binding Instrument Legal view Legal means, involving no obligation, which are available to the European institutions to carry out their tasks.
Public Policy Cycle Legal view The series of public policy phases that are regularly repeated in order to manage all aspects of a public policy.
Shared Legal Framework Legal view A shared legal framework is formed by [re]usable legal resources, with convergence power, in relation to public policy goals attainment
Public Policy Legal View

Set of principles followed by a public authority to bring about social change in the medium and long term in a given area

Legal Agreement  Legal View

Formal understandings or commitments between two or more countries.

Public Policy Objective Legal View Public Policy Objective ABB is a Goal allowing public authorities to bring social change in the medium and long term, in a given area. It is based on certain values and objectives and is implemented using a variety of methods. It applies on the territory within which the authority is authorised to act.
Solution Specification Legal View Solution Specification ABB is a Business Object being embodied as a document of the highest possible level of granularity on an Solution Building Block, formulated as an agreed normative statement in design of an European Digital Public Service.
Architecture Principle Organisational view Architecture Principles define the underlying general rules and guidelines for the use and deployment of all IT resources and assets across the enterprise. They reflect a level of consensus among the various elements of the enterprise, and form the basis for making future IT decisions.
Agent Organisational view Agent ABB is a Business Role acting as a person or thing that takes an active role or produces a specified effect.
Digital Business Capability Organisational view Digital Business Capability ABB is a Capability enabling public administrations to digitally perform an administrative functions.
Data Owner Organisational view Data owners are either individuals or teams who make decisions such as who has the right to access and edit data and how it’s used.
Information Organisational view Information ABB is a Business Object describing business facts, assets, or opinions that are exchanged in the context of a public service to support its delivery. Examples include an invoice, a medical prescription, a driving license.
Interoperability Strategy Organisational view The overarching strategic plan in the area of cross-border interoperability.
Digital Public Service Organisational view

A digital public service is an interoperable service provisioned by or on behalf of a public administration via a digital service delivery model in fulfilment of public policy goals  servicing to users either citizens, businesses or other public administrations. A European digital public service comprises any digital public service exposed to a cross-border dimension and supplied by public administrations, either to one another or to businesses and citizens in the Union. Once or more Digital Public Service can realize one Digital Business Capability.

Interoperable Digital Public Services Implementation Orientation Organisational view It is the specific set of decision making rules/criteria/principles followed at implementing a digital public services through organisations, persons, objects or events
Organisation Organisational view Organisation ABB is a Stakeholder acting as a company that is formed for a particular purpose.
Organisational Interoperability Agreement Organisational view An organisational interoperability agreement is a resource of private nature formalizing governance rules enabling collaboration between digital public services with enabling seamless functioning value.
Organisational Agreement Organisational view

Is a resource of private nature formalizing governance rules enabling collaboration between digital public services with enabling seamless functioning value

Privacy Framework Organisational view Agreed governance approach focusing on confidentiality aspects on data, information and knowledge assets and organizational resources handling them.
Public Administration Organisational view A state, regional or local authority governed by public law or an association formed by one or several such authorities or a private entity.
Security Framework Organisational view Agreed governance approach focusing on protection aspects on data, information and knowledge assets and organizational resources handling them.
Shared Governance Framework Organisational view A shared legal framework is formed by [re]usable legal resources, with convergence power, in relation to public policy goals attainment.

Business

Organisational view Business ABB is a Stakeholder making, buying, or selling goods or providing services in exchange for money.
Delegation of Powers Provisioning Digital Public Services Organisational view Delegation of Powers Provisioning Digital Public Services ABB is a Value Stream representing the extent to which the digital public service delivery is delegated to lower public administrative tiers.
Detail-Level Architecture Requirement Organisational view Detail-Level Architecture Requirement ABB is a Requirement formulating low level capabilities that a To-Be Digital Public Service should provide.
Digital Agenda Organisational view Digital Agenda ABB is a Goal focusing on better access for consumers and businesses to digital goods and services across Europe by providing the EU with an advanced system of user rights and protection for consumers and businesses.
Digital Governance Organisational view Digital Governance ABB is a Business Object assuring the functioning of an Interoperability Framework. These rules include structures, roles, responsibilities, policies, standards, specifications, practices, decision making and operational procedures. 
Digital Public Service Catalogue Organisational view Digital Public Service Catalogue ABB is a Business Object indexing inventory of active digital public services, and their descriptions, that are provided by a public administration. This ABB is a key interoperability enabler (*) for sharing/PROVISIONING and reusing/CONSUMING of front-office public services.
Digital Public Service Delivery Organisational view Digital Public Service Delivery ABB is a Business Interface representing the way in which the public sector delivers digital technologies to citizens and businesses.
Digital Public Service Delivery Consumer Organisational view Digital Public Service Delivery Consumer ABB is a Business Role representing an entity that requires a service.
Digital Public Service Delivery Human Agent Organisational view Digital Public Service Delivery Human Agent ABB is a Business Actor representing a person that takes an active role or produces a specified effect.
Digital Public Service Delivery Machine Agent Organisational view Digital Public Service Delivery Machine Agent ABB is an Equipment representing a thing that takes an active role or produces a specified effect.
Digital Public Service Delivery Model Organisational view Digital Public Service Delivery Model ABB is a Business Collaboration representing a collection of concepts related to the way in which the public sector delivers digital technologies to citizens and businesses.
Digital Public Service Delivery Provider Organisational view Digital Public Service Delivery Provider ABB is a Business Role representing an entity that accepts and executes requests from consumers.
Digitalisation Roadmap Organisational view Digitalisation Roadmap ABB is a Work Package intenting to create a plan or a strategy to achieve Digitalisation.
Framework Agreement Organisational view Framework Agreement ABB is a Contract providing an arrangement between one or more entity that provide the terms governing contracts to be established for a certain period of time, in particular with regard to price and, where necessary, the quantity envisaged. Other repetitive conditions known in advance, such as the place of delivery, may be included. They are also called blanket purchase agreements and master ordering agreements. Essentially, they are intended to provide expeditious ordering of commonly used, off-the-shelf goods, purchased on the basis of lowest price.
Individual Organisational view Individual ABB is a Stakeholder acting as a single human being, as distinguished from a group.
Information Risk Management Component Organisational view Information Risk Management Component ABB is a Business Object representing a unit facilitating the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.
Legal Entity Organisational view Legal Entity ABB is a Stakeholder when acting as any natural or legal person created and recognised as such under national law or international law. It must have a legal personality and, acting in its own name, to be able to exercise rights and be subject to obligations.
Means for Public Policy Objectives Convergence Assurance and Control Organisational view Means for Public Policy Objectives Convergence Assurance and Control ABB is a Business Process representing the mechanisms that are used to assure union or uniformity regarding Public Policy Objectives.
Security Governance Organisational view Security Governance ABB is a Business Object having competences across a variety of security-relevant issues. These competences add up to a form of security governance, the purpose of which is to guard against a multiplicity of threats.
Solution Specification Organisational view Solution Specification ABB is a Business Object being embodied as a document of the highest possible level of granularity on an Solution Building Block, formulated as an agreed normative statement in design of an European Public Service.
Specific Agreement Organisational view Specific Agreement ABB is a Contract enabling collaboration between digital public services.  
Architecture Principle Semantic view Architecture Principles define the underlying general rules and guidelines for the use and deployment of all IT resources and assets across the enterprise. They reflect a level of consensus among the various elements of the enterprise, and form the basis for making future IT decisions.
Controlled Vocabulary Semantic view A controlled vocabulary is an organized arrangement of words and phrases used to index content and/or to retrieve content through browsing or searching.
Data Semantic view Data are symbols obtained through an encoding process of business information or a legal act.
Data Mapping Semantic view Data mapping is an equivalence relationship between two data items with ontological value.
Data Model Semantic view A collection of entities, their properties and the relationships among them, which aims at formally representing a domain, a concept or a real-world thing.
Data Policy Semantic view A set of broad, high level principles which form the guiding framework in which data management can operate.
Data Portability Policy Semantic view The data portability policy implements the right to data portability, which is one of eight rights enforced by the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
Data Set Semantic view A Data Set is a collection of data, published or curated by a single agent, and available for access or download in one or more formats.
Data Set Catalogue Semantic view Indexed inventory of data sets with comprehensiveness and trustiness value.
Data Syntax Semantic view Data Syntax is a set of rules defining the way in which data is put together with appropriate identifiers, delimiters, separator character(s), and other non-data characters to form messages.
Forms structure Semantic view Forms Structure ABB is a Data Object representing the primary means of data input and data retrieval which are arranged in a definite pattern.
Master Data Policy Semantic view A Data Policy applying to the authoritative, most accurate data that is available about key business entities, used to establish the context for business transactions and transactional data.
Ontology Semantic view

It represents knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships between those concepts; it can be used to model a domain and support reasoning about concepts.

Ontologies Catalogue Semantic view Indexed inventory of ontologies with comprehensiveness and trustiness value.
Open Data Policy Semantic view The rules and practice of publishing (raw) data in a way that is accessible, reusable, machine readable and licensed permissively.
Representation Semantic view The description of the perceptible configuration of business information or a Legal act. Representations can be classified in various ways.
Semantic Agreement Semantic view

Agreement regarding the utilization of a defined and shared vocabulary among the operators of the same field or domain.

Semantic Interoperability Agreement Semantic view A Semantic interoperability agreement is a semantic resource formalizing governance rules enabling collaboration between digital public services with ontological value.
Shared Knowledge Base Semantic view A shared Knowledge Base is formed by usable data, information and knowledge resources, with convergence power, in relation to public policy goals attainment
Security Policy Semantic view

Security Policy identifies the rules and procedures for all individuals accessing and using an organization's IT assets and resources

Privacy Policy Semantic view A privacy policy is a statement or legal document (in privacy law) that discloses some or all of the ways a party gathers, uses, discloses, and manages a customer or client's data.
Base Registry Semantic view Base Registry ABB is a Data Object providing a trusted and authoritative source of information, which can and should be digitally reused by others, where one organisation is responsible and accountable for the collection, use, updating and preservation of information. Base registries are reliable sources of basic information on data items such as people, companies, vehicles, licences, buildings, locations and roads.
Data Mapping Catalogue Semantic view Data Mapping Catalogue ABB is a Data Object aiming to index an inventory of data mappings with comprehensiveness and trustiness value.
This ABB is a key interoperability enabler (*) for sharing/PROVISIONING and reusing/CONSUMING Data.
Data Policies Semantic view Data Policies ABB is a Data Object containing a set of rules, principles, and guidelines that provide a framework for different areas of data management throughout the enterprise, including but not limited to data governance, data quality, and data architecture.
Detail-Level Architecture Requirement Semantic view Detail-Level Architecture Requirement ABB is a Requirement formulating low level capabilities that a To-Be Digital Public Service should provide.
Distributed Ledger Semantic view Distributed Ledger ABB is a Data Object replicating, sharing, and synchronizing digital data, which are geographically spread across multiple sites, countries, or institutions.
Hash Code Semantic view Hash Code ABB is a Data Object offering a numeric or alphanumeric string obtained by applying a hash function to a piece of data.
Legal Act Representation Semantic view Legal Act Representation 
ABB is a Representation formalising a set of rules on a subject potentially including requirements concerning digital public services. The granularity of the requirements might be of high level or detail level. Requirements of high-level granularity contain generic/abstract functional requirements like principles and/or recommendations with considerable degrees for transposition/execution and of not binding nature. On the other side, requirements of detail-level granularity imply a limited degree for transposition/execution and they contain specific/concrete functionalities, solution components, data, procedures, and/or technical specifications or standards to be used. EU legal acts are legislative or non-legislative acts adopted by the European institutions (Article 288 TFEU). With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009. The names "European Union" or "EU" have replaced "European Community", "Community" or "EC".
Metadata Semantic view Metadata ABB is a Data Object providing information about one or more aspects of the data.
Open Data Semantic view Open Data ABB is a Representation presenting data that is openly accessible, exploitable, editable and shared by anyone for any purpose.
Reference Data Semantic view Reference Data ABB is a Data Object using data to classify or categorize other data. Typically, they are static or slowly changing over time.
Solution Specification Semantic view Solution Specification ABB is a Business Object being embodied as a document of the highest possible level of granularity on an Solution Building Block, formulated as an agreed normative statement in design of an European Digital Public Service.
Virtual DataSet Semantic view Virtual Data Set ABB is a Data Object allowing a number of real datasets to be mapped together into a single, sliceable dataset via an interface layer. The mapping can be made ahead of time, before the parent files are written, and is transparent to the parent dataset characteristics. The datasets can be meshed in arbitrary combinations, and even the data type converted.
API Discovery and Catalogue Service Technical view - Application API Discovery and Catalogue Service ABB is an Application Service discovering and/or maintaining the API Catalogue ABB.
API Catalogue Technical view - Application API Catalogue ABB is a Data Object including all the available APIs for consumption by a specific solution.
API Technical view - Application API ABB is an Application Interface constituting the interfaces of various building blocks that a developer can assemble to create an application. An application developer utilises APIs to build an application by combining various available software libraries to achieve a specific goal.
API Catalogue Component Technical view - Application API Catalogue Component ABB is an Application Component delivering the API Catalogue Service ABB.
Audit Service Technical view - Application Audit Service ABB is an Application Service providing support for the principle of accountability, which is holding users of a system accountable for their actions within the system, and detection of policy violations. The audit policy defines the elements of an information system which need to be traced, for example to assure traceability of actions: what, how, when, where and with what.
Audit Component Technical view - Application Audit Component ABB is an Application Component providing support for the principle of accountability, which is holding users of a system accountable for their actions within the system, and detection of policy violations. The audit policy defines the elements of an information system which need to be traced, for example to assure traceability of actions: what, how, when, where and with what.
Conformance Testing Service Technical view - Application Conformance Testing Service ABB is an Application Service verifying that several solutions can interoperate at one or more layers of the interoperability stack, while conforming to one or more specifications. This type of testing is executed by operating SUTs (System Under Test) and capturing their exchanges.
The logistics of interoperability testing is usually more costly (time, coordination, interoperability), and interoperability testing is no substitute for a conformance test suite. Experience shows that interoperability testing is more successful and less costly when conformance of implementations has been tested first.
Conformance Testing Component Technical view - Application Conformance Testing Component ABB is an Application Component allowing a structured and modular approach to implement test automation.
Conformance Test Scenario Technical view - Application Conformance Test Scenario ABB is a Business Object specifying a sequence of actions for the execution of a test. Also known as test script or manual test script.
e-Signature Creation Service Technical view - Application e-Signature Creation Service ABB is an Application Service, signing data, in electronic form by a natural person.
An ‘electronic signature’ means data in electronic form which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form and which is used by the signatory to sign.
e-Seal Creation Service Technical view - Application e-Seal Creation Service ABB is an Application Service signing data in electronic forms on behalf of a legal person. 
An ‘electronic seal' means data in electronic form, which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form to ensure the latter’s origin and integrity. The ‘creator of a seal’ is a legal person who creates an electronic seal.
e-Timestamp Creation Service Technical view - Application e-Timestamp Creation Service ABB is an Application Service sharing functionalities of the verification of timestamps used for establishing evidence that a give piece of data existed at a given point in time.
An ‘electronic time stamp’ means data in electronic form which binds other data in electronic form to a particular time establishing evidence that the latter data existed at that time.
Blockchain Service Technical view - Application Blockchain Service ABB is an Application Service acting as an expanding list of cryptographically signed, irrevocable transactional records shared by all participants in a network. Each record contains a time stamp and reference links to previous transactions. With this information, anyone with access rights can trace back a transactional event, at any point in its history, belonging to any participant. A blockchain is one architectural design of the broader concept of distributed ledgers.
e-Signature Verification and Validation Service Technical view - Application e-Signature Verification and Validation Service ABB is an Application Service verificating documents that are signed electronically.
An ‘electronic signature’ means data in electronic form which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form and which is used by the signatory to sign.
‘validation’ means the process of verifying and confirming that an electronic signature or a seal is valid.
e-Seal Verification and Validation Service Technical view - Application e-Seal Verification and Validation Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the functionality of the verification of documents that are signed electronically.
An ‘electronic seal' means data in electronic form, which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form to ensure the latter’s origin and integrity. The ‘creator of a seal’ is a legal person who creates an electronic seal.
e-Timestamp Verification and Validation Service Technical view - Application e-Timestamp Verification and Validation Service ABB is an Application Service  verifing timestamps used for establishing evidence that a give piece of data existed at a given point in time.
An ‘electronic time stamp’ means data in electronic form which binds other data in electronic form to a particular time establishing evidence that the latter data existed at that time.
Blockchain Component Technical view - Application Blockchain Component ABB is an Application Component consisting of various components like peer network, smart contract, membership, events, ledger, system integration, wallet, and system management. Several actors such as developer, user, architect, regulator, operator, membership services, etc. are present in a blockchain that provides a solution to a blockchain-based business network. Each actor and component present in a blockchain plays a major role to make the network more secure and reliable.
e-Signature Preservation Service Technical view - Application e-Signature Preservation Service ABB is an Application Service extending the trustworthiness of the qualified electronic signature beyond the technological validity period.
An ‘electronic signature’ means data in electronic form which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form and which is used by the signatory to sign.
e-Seal Preservation Service Technical view - Application e-Seal Preservation Service ABB is an Application Service extending the trustworthiness of the qualified electronic signature beyond the technological validity period.
An ‘electronic seal' means data in electronic form, which is attached to or logically associated with other data in electronic form to ensure the latter’s origin and integrity. The ‘creator of a seal’ is a legal person who creates an electronic seal.
Authentication Service Technical view - Application Authentication Service ABB is an Application Service sharing the functionality of user authentication.
‘Electronic identification’ means the process of using person identification data in electronic form uniquely representing either a natural or legal person, or a natural person representing a legal person;
‘Authentication’ means an electronic process that enables the electronic identification of a natural or legal person, or the origin and integrity of data in electronic form to be confirmed.
Directory Technical view - Application Directory ABB is a Data Object acting as a file system cataloging structure which contains references to other computer files, and possibly other directories. On many computers, directories are known as folders, or drawers, analogous to a workbench or the traditional office filing cabinet. 
Access Management Service Technical view - Application Access Management Service ABB is an Application Service allowing users to make use of i) IT services, ii) data, and/or iii) other assets. Access management helps to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of assets by ensuring that only authorized users are able to access or modify the assets.
Identity management Service Technical view - Application Identity management Service ABB is an Application Service ensuring that authorized people, and only authorized people, have access to the technology resources they need to perform their job functions.
Authorisation Service Technical view - Application Authorisation Service ABB is an Application Service ensuring that the user is authorized to have access to a particular resource. Authorization can be done through role-based access control (RBAC) or list-based access control (LBAC).
Accounting Service Technical view - Application Accounting Services ABB is an Application Service meaning the measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities including, but is not limited to, financial accounting, management accounting, auditing, cost containment and auditing services, taxation and accounting information systems.
Identification Component Technical view - Application Identification Component ABB is an Application Component implementing the functionality of user authentication.
‘Electronic identification’ means the process of using person identification data in electronic form uniquely representing either a natural or legal person, or a natural person representing a legal person;
‘Authentication’ means an electronic process that enables the electronic identification of a natural or legal person, or the origin and integrity of data in electronic form to be confirmed;
Access Management Component Technical view - Application Access Management Component ABB is an Application Component allowing users to make use of i) IT services, ii) data, and/or iii) other assets. Access management helps to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of assets by ensuring that only authorised users are able to access or modify the assets.
Data Exchange Service Technical view - Application Data Exchange Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the secure exchange of messages, records, forms and other kinds of data between different ICT systems. This includes data routing, except endpoint discovery. 
Data Exchange Component Technical view - Application Data Exchange Component ABB is an Application Component enabling the secure exchange of messages, records, forms and other kinds of data between different ICT systems. This includes data routing, except endpoint discovery. 
Ontological Class Mapping Catalogue Service Technical view - Application Ontological Class Mapping Catalogue Service ABB is an Application Service articulating similarities among the concepts belonging to separate source Ontology classes.
Ontological Class Mapping Catalogue Technical view - Application Ontological Class Mapping Catalogue ABB is a Data Object articulating similarities among the concepts belonging to separate source Ontology classes.
Data Syntax Mapping Catalogue Service Technical view - Application Data Syntax Mapping Catalogue ABB is an Data Object bridging the differences between two systems, or data models, so that when data is moved from a source, it is accurate and usable at the destination.
Metadata Management Service Technical view - Application Metadata Management Service ABB is an Application Service enabling functionalities for the i) creation, ii) storage, iii) categorisation and iv) retrieval of metadata.
e-Archiving Service Technical view - Application e-Archiving Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the permanent or long-term storage of selected (by an authority) electronic documents or information for preservation purposes like their enduring research value and memory aid. 
Data Management Service Technical view - Application Data Management Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the exchange of structured data under a source schema and transforming it into a target schema, so that the target data is an accurate representation of the source data. Data repository exchange service allows data to be shared between different application programs.
Content Management Service Technical view - Application Content Management Service ABB is an Application Service being responsible for:
- developing Website templates and functionalities
assigning appropriate user permissions and workflows
providing trainings to the web working group
- developing tools and web controls to speed up and facilitate the work of the web working group
-giving support and advice to the web working group
- ensuring continuity of service and performance
- ensuring security and accessibility on the website
- ensuring disaster recovery processes and backup procedures
- setting up the website information architecture within the CMS
- setting up alert procedures and analytics on usage of the platform.
Forms Management Service Technical view - Application Forms Management Service ABB is an Application Service sharing the functionalities of i) dynamic creation, ii) distribution and ii) analysis of forms and online surveys.
Data Publication Service Technical view - Application Data Publication Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the functionality of making data available for common use.
Data Extraction, Transformation, and Loading Service Technical view - Application Data Extractrion, Transformation, and Loading Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the share of conversion of one data representation to another. 
Data Quality Service Technical view - Application Data Quality Service ABB is an Application Service referring to any activity aimed at verifying that the value of a data item comes from a given set of acceptable values. Data validation may be followed by corrective actions, such as data editing or data imputation. 
Ontological Class Mapping Catalogue Component Technical view - Application Ontological Class Mapping Catalogue Comonent ABB is an Application Component articulating similarities among the concepts belonging to separate source Ontology classes.
Data Syntax Mapping Catalogue Technical view - Application Data Syntax Mapping Catalogue ABB is an Data Object bridging the differences between two systems, or data models, so that when data is moved from a source, it is accurate and usable at the destination.
Data Syntax Mapping Catalogue Component Technical view - Application Data Syntax Mapping Catalogue Component ABB is an Application Component bridging the differences between two systems, or data models, so that when data is moved from a source, it is accurate and usable at the destination.
Metadata Management Component Technical view - Application Metadata Management Component ABB is an Application Component implementing the functionalities for the i) creation, ii) storage, iii) categorisation and iv) retrieval of metadata.
e-Archiving Component Technical view - Application e-Archiving Component ABB is an Application Component enabling the permanent or long-term storage of selected (by an authority) electronic documents or information for preservation purposes like their enduring research value and memory aid. 
Data Management Component Technical view - Application Data Management Component ABB is an Application Component exchanging data structured under a source schema and transforming it into a target schema, so that the target data is an accurate representation of the source data. Data repository exchange component allows data to be shared between different application programs.
Forms Management Component Technical view - Application Forms Management Component ABB is an Application Component implementing the functionalities of i) dynamic creation, ii) distribution and ii) analysis of forms and online surveys.
Data Publication Component Technical view - Application Data Publication Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the functionality of making data available for common use.
Data Extraction, Transformation, and Loading Component Technical view - Application Data Extractrion, Transformation, and Loading Component ABB is an Application Component enabling the functionality of conversion of data from one data representation to another.
Data Quality Component Technical view - Application Data Quality Component ABB is an Application Component referring to any activity aimed at verifying that the value of a data item comes from a given set of acceptable values. Data validation may be followed by corrective actions, such as data editing or data imputation. In statistics, imputation is the process of replacing missing data with substituted values.
Privacy Service Technical view - Application Privacy Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the share of functionalities such as storing, securing, anonymising, pseudonymising, rectifying and erasing personal data.
 
Privacy Component Technical view - Application Privacy Component ABB is an Application Component implementing functionalities such as storing, securing, anonymising, pseudonymising, rectifying and erasing personal data.
Knowledge Triplestore Technical view - Application Knowledge Triplestore ABB is a Data Object storing and retrieving identities that are constructed from triplex collections of strings (sequences of letters). These triplex collections represent a subject-predicate-object relationship that more or less corresponds to the definition put forth by the RDF standard.
Data Analytics Service Technical view - Application Data Analytics Service ABB is an Application Service analysing a great amount of raw data in order to make conclusions about specific information. Data analytics services enable the automation of mechanical processes and algorithms that work over raw data for human consumption.
Artificial Intelligence Service Technical view - Application Artificial Intelligence Service ABB is an Application Service applying advanced analysis and logic-based techniques, including machine learning, to interpret events, support and automate decisions, and take actions.
Data Analytics Component Technical view - Application Data Analytics Component ABB is an Application Component serving any current or future Digital Service Infrastructure (DSI) requiring data analysis capabilities. Data analytics component enable the automation of mechanical processes and algorithms that work over raw data for human consumption.
Artificial Intelligence Component Technical view - Application Artificial Intelligence Component ABB is an Application Component serving any current or future Digital Service Infrastructure (DSI) requiring artificial intelligence capabilities. It enables the implementation of functionalities for applying advanced analysis and logic-based techniques, including machine learning, to interpret events, support and automate decisions, and take actions.
Machine Translation Service Technical view - Application Machine Translation Service ABB is an Application Service serving any current or future Digital Service Infrastructure (DSI) requiring cross-lingual functionality. The main functionality is automated translation of text, metadata and concept classes or nomenclatures.
Machine Translation Component Technical view - Application Machine Translation Component ABB is an Application Component serving any current or future Digital Service Infrastructure (DSI) requiring cross-lingual functionality. The main functionality is automated translation of text, metadata and concept classes or nomenclatures.
UX Management Service Technical view - Application UX Management Service ABB is Application Service managing user experience design-related activities inside an organization to create growth and good management practices. Typical UX management activities are to define an organization’s UX design language and strategy and manage the work processes around UX design.
MyDigitalPublicServicesDeliveryPreferences Service Technical view - Application MyDigitalPublicServicesDeliveryPreferences Service ABB is an Application Service allowing users of a specific domain to have the opportunity of choosing the service delivery of their liking.
MyInfo Service Technical view - Application MyInfo Service ABB is an Application Service  allowing users of a specific domain to have their Information stored and accessed. 
MyCalendar Service Technical view - Application MyCalendar Service ABB is an Application Service allowing users of a specific domain to have a service of reckoning time.
MySingleWindow Service Technical view - Application MySingleWindow Service ABB is an Application Service allowing users of a specific domain to perform automated electronic checks of validity of documents and licences.
UX Management Component Technical view - Application UX Management Component ABB is Application Component managing user experience design-related activities inside an organization to create growth and good management practices. Typical UX management activities are to define an organization’s UX design language and strategy and manage the work processes around UX design.
MyDigitalPublicServicesDeliveryPreferences Component Technical view - Application MyDigitalPublicServicesDeliveryPreferences Component ABB is an Application Component allowing users of a specific domain to have the opportunity of choosing the service delivery of their liking.
MyInfo Component Technical view - Application MyInfo Component ABB is an Application Component allowing users of a specific domain to have their Information stored and accessed. 
MyCalendar Component Technical view - Application MyCalendar Component ABB is an Application Component allowing users of a specific domain to have a service of reckoning time.
MySingleWindow Component Technical view - Application MySingleWindow Component ABB is an Application Component allowing users of a specific domain to perform automated electronic checks of validity of documents and licences.
Digital Workplace Service Technical view - Application Digital Workplace Service ABB is an Application Service allowing staff to collaborate freely wherever their work is based, while maintaining high security standards and increasing productivity and efficiency.
Digital Workplace Component Technical view - Application Digital Workplace Component ABB is an Application Component allowing staff to collaborate freely wherever their work is based, while maintaining high security standards and increasing productivity and efficiency.
e-Payment Service Technical view - Application e-Payment Service ABB is an Application Service executing payment transactions where the consent of the payer to execute a payment transaction is given by means of any telecommunication, digital or IT device.
e-Payment Component Technical view - Application e-Payment Component ABB is an Application Component executing payment transactions where the consent of the payer to execute a payment transaction is given by means of any telecommunication, digital or IT device.
eProcurement Accessing Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Accessing Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has accessing functionalities.
eProcurement Contracting Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Accessing Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates accessing.
eProcurement Evaluating Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Evaluating Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has evaluating functionalities.
eProcurement Notifying Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Notifying Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has notifying functionalities.
eProcurement Quoting Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Quoting Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has quoting functionalities.
eProcurement Accessing Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Accessing Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates accessing.
eProcurement Contracting Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Contracting Component ABB is an Application Component  using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates contracting.
eProcurement Evaluating Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Evaluating Component ABB is an Application Component  using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates evaluating.
eProcurement Notifying Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Notifying Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates notifying.
eProcurement Quoting Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Quoting Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates quoting.
eProcurement Awarding Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Awarding Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has awarding functionalities.
eProcurement Discovering Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Discovering Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has discovering functionalities.
eProcurement Fulfilling Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Fulfilling Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has fulfilling functionalities. 
eProcurement Ordering Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Ordering Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has ordering functionalities.
eProcurement Submitting Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Submitting Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has submitting functionalities.
eProcurement Awarding Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Awarding Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates awarding.
eProcurement Discovering Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Discovering Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates discovering.
eProcurement Fulfilling Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Fulfilling Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates fulfilling.
eProcurement Ordering Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Ordering Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates ordering.
eProcurement Submitting Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Submitting Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates submitting.
eProcurement Invoicing Service Technical view - Application eProcurement Invoicing Service ABB is an Application Service using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it has invoicing functionalities.
eProcurement Invoicing Component Technical view - Application eProcurement Invoicing Component ABB is an Application Component using electronic methods, typically over the Internet to conduct transactions between awarding authorities and suppliers and it facilitates invoicing.
Detail-Level Architecture Requirement Technical view - Application Detail-Level Architecture Requirement ABB is a Requirement formulating low level capabilities that a To-Be Digital Public Service should provide.
Firewall Component Technical view - Application Firewall Service ABB is an Application Service representing an integrated collection of security measures designed to prevent unauthorized electronic access to a networked computer system.
Firewall Service Technical view - Application Firewall Component ABB is an Application Component representing a part of an integrated collection of security measures designed to prevent unauthorized electronic access to a networked computer system.
IaaS Technical view - Application IaaS ABB is a Technology Service providing a standardized, highly automated offering in which computing resources owned by a service provider, complemented by storage and networking capabilities, are offered to customers on demand. Resources are scalable and elastic in near real time and metered by use. Self-service interfaces, including an API and a graphical user interface (GUI), are exposed directly to customers. Resources may be single-tenant or multitenant, and are hosted by the service provider or on-premises in a customer’s data center.
Integrity Verification Service Technical view - Application Integrity Verification Service ABB is an Application Service offering assurance that information has not been altered in an unauthorized manner since it was created, transmitted or stored.
Interoperable Digital Solution Technical view - Application Interoperable Digital Solution ABB is a Application Component enabling the delivery of a digital public service, in fulfilment of a shared European legislation framework, being managed according a shared governance framework, accessing semantic assets in a shared knowledge base and using digital resources of a shared platform enabling cross-border/cross-organization exchange of data, information, and knowledge indistinctly between public administrations, businesses and citizens in support to the implementation and advancement of an EU, national or local public policy.
Knowledge Discovery Component Service Technical view - Application Knowledge Discovery Component Service ABB is an Application Service performing a highly complex process where a lot of data manipulation tools with different characteristics have to be used together to reach the goal of previously unknown, potentially useful information extraction.
Knowledge Discovery Component Technical view - Application Knowledge Discovery Component ABB is an Application Component performing a highly complex process where a lot of data manipulation tools with different characteristics have to be used together to reach the goal of previously unknown, potentially useful information extraction.
Orchestration Component Technical view - Application Orchestration Component ABB is an Application Component defining the sequence and conditions in which one service invokes other services in order to realize some useful function. 
Orchestration Service Technical view - Application Orchestration Service ABB is an Application Service defining the sequence and conditions in which one service invokes other services in order to realize some useful function.
PaaS Technical view - Application PaaS ABB is a Technology Service delivering application infrastructure (middleware) capabilities as a service. There are multiple types of PaaS (xPaaS), including, among many more, application platform as a service (aPaaS), integration PaaS (iPaaS), API management PaaS (apimPaaS), function PaaS (fPaaS), business analytics PaaS (baPaaS), IoT PaaS and database PaaS (dbPaaS). PaaS capability can be delivered as provider-managed or self-managed, multitenant or dedicated.
Registered Electronic Delivery Service Technical view - Application Registered Electronic Delivery Service ABB is an Application Service sharing functionalities that i) makes it possible to transmit data between third parties by electronic means and ii) provides evidence relating to the handling of the transmitted data, including proof of sending and receiving the data, and iii) that protects transmitted data against the risk of loss, theft, damage or any un-authorised alterations.
Registration Service Technical view - Application Registration Service ABB is an Application Service sharing the functionality of discovery of essential information about e.g. supervised/accredited trust service providers issuing certificates for electronic signatures, for electronic seals or for website authentication; supervised/accredited trust services for eSignature, eSeal or TimeStamp creation and validation; supervised/accredited trust services for eSignature or eSeal preservation; supervised/accredited trust services for electronic registered delivery.
Request Validation Service Technical view - Application Request Validation Service ABB is an Application Service enabling the act of asking for something to be confirmed as true or correct.
Saas Technical view - Application SaaS ABB is a Technology Service delivering software that is owned and managed remotely by one or more providers. The provider delivers software based on one set of common code and data definitions that is consumed in a one-to-many model by all contracted customers at anytime on a pay-for-use basis or as a subscription based on use metrics.
Service Discovery and Registry Service Technical view - Application Service Discovery and Registry Service ABB is an Application Service providing access to software systems over the Internet using standard protocols. In the most basic scenario there is a Web Service Provider that publishes a service and a Web Service Consumer that uses this service. Web Service Discovery is the process of finding suitable web services for a given task.
Service Registry Technical view - Application Service Registry ABB is an Data Object providing access rights for data that is necessary for service-oriented architecture projects to target fast and easy communication and data exchange.
Service Registry Component Technical view - Application Service Registry Component ABB is an Application Component registering the system service within a catalogue to be discovered by other services.
Shared Platform Technical view - Application Shared platform ABB is a Application Component setting technical (re)usable resources with convergence power, in relation to public policy goals attainment, enabling interoperability from a technical perspective cross levels in a public administration, cross public administrations, and cross borders. This convergence power is based on the instrumental nature and efficiencies  of these resources for enabling common problem-solving approaches. The degree of achievement could range from an ideal perfect shared platform (i.e. no interoperability barriers from the technical perspective) to an imperfect or even null shared platform (i.e. some interoperability barriers from the technical perspective). The level of technical interoperability will constrain digital public services cross levels in a public administration, cross public administrations, and cross borders. 
Software Component Catalogue Component Technical view - Application Software Component Catalogue Component ABB is an Application Component representing a part of a software containing information about software products and serving as an index during software scans to automatically identify the software products installed on a monitored computer.
Software Component Discovery and Catalogue Service Technical view - Application Software Component Discovery and Catalogue Service ABB is an Application Service containing information about software products and serves as an index during software scans to automatically identify the software products installed on a monitored computer but also getting knowledge on units of composition with contractually specified interfaces and explicit context dependencies.
Software Components Catalogue Technical view - Application Software Components Catalogue ABB is a Data Object containing information about software products and serves as an index during software scans to automatically identify the software products installed on a monitored computer.
Solution Specification Technical view - Application Solution Specification ABB is a Business Object being embodied as a document of the highest possible level of granularity on an Solution Building Block, formulated as an agreed normative statement in design of an European Digital Public Service.
Trust Service Provisioning Component Technical view - Application Trust Service Provisioning Component ABB is an Application Component encapsulating the trust services functionalities.
A ‘trust service’ means an electronic service normally provided for remuneration which consists of these functionalities:
i) the creation, verification, and validation of electronic signatures, electronic seals or electronic time stamps, electronic registered delivery services and certificates related to those services, or
ii) the creation, verification and validation of certificates for website authentication; or
iii) the preservation of electronic signatures, seals or certificates related to those services.
Web Service Technical view - Application A Web Service ABB is a Application Interfase being identified by a universal resource identifier (URI), whose service description and transport utilise open Internet standards.
Human Interface Technical view - Application A boundary set of means enabling the exchange of data between an individual and a service.
Digital Solution Technical view - Application A solution, developed by Public Administrations that facilitate the delivery of electronic Public Services and cross-border exchange of information between Public Administrations
Digital Solution Component Technical view - Application Interoperable European Solution Component represents the encapsulation of a functionality provided by an Interoperable European Solution.
Machine to Machine Interface Technical view - Application A boundary set of means enabling the exchange of data between a service and other services.
Technical Interoperability Agreement Technical view - Application Technical Interoperability Agreement is the means through which Technical Authorities mandate specific Technical Interoperability Specifications, ensuring organisations are able to work together.
Technical Agreement Technical view - Application These agreements constitute a framework and a privileged forum to identify common interests, priorities, policy dialogue, and the necessary tools for Strategic & Technological collaboration
Architecture Principle Technical view - Infrastructure Architecture Principles define the underlying general rules and guidelines for the use and deployment of all IT resources and assets across the enterprise. They reflect a level of consensus among the various elements of the enterprise, and form the basis for making future IT decisions.
Detail-Level Architecture Requirement Technical view - Infrastructure Detail-Level Architecture Requirement ABB is a Requirement formulating low level capabilities that a To-Be Digital Public Service should provide.
Solution Specification Technical view - Infrastructure Solution Specification ABB is a Business Object being embodied as a document of the highest possible level of granularity on an Solution Building Block, formulated as an agreed normative statement in design of an European Digital Public Service.
Outsourcing Technical view - Infrastructure Outsourcing ABB is a Location that refers to the business practice of hiring a party outside a company to perform services or create goods that were traditionally performed in-house by the company's own employees and staff.
Saas Technical view - Infrastructure SaaS ABB is a Technology Service delivering software that is owned and managed remotely by one or more providers. The provider delivers software based on one set of common code and data definitions that is consumed in a one-to-many model by all contracted customers at anytime on a pay-for-use basis or as a subscription based on use metrics.
PaaS Technical view - Infrastructure PaaS ABB is a Technology Service delivering application infrastructure (middleware) capabilities as a service. There are multiple types of PaaS (xPaaS), including, among many more, application platform as a service (aPaaS), integration PaaS (iPaaS), API management PaaS (apimPaaS), function PaaS (fPaaS), business analytics PaaS (baPaaS), IoT PaaS and database PaaS (dbPaaS). PaaS capability can be delivered as provider-managed or self-managed, multitenant or dedicated.
IaaS Technical view - Infrastructure IaaS ABB is a Technology Service providing a standardized, highly automated offering in which computing resources owned by a service provider, complemented by storage and networking capabilities, are offered to customers on demand. Resources are scalable and elastic in near real time and metered by use. Self-service interfaces, including an API and a graphical user interface (GUI), are exposed directly to customers. Resources may be single-tenant or multitenant, and are hosted by the service provider or on-premises in a customer’s data center.
Computing Hosting, Networking, and Data Hosting Infrastructure Technical view - Infrastructure Computing Hosting, Networking, and Data Hosting Infrastructure ABB is a Technology Service sharing the functionalities for i) hosting Interoperable European Solutions and ii) providing the necessary networks for operating these solutions.
Application Service Technical view - Infrastructure Application Service ABB is a Technology Service enabling hosting provider, typically a high availability and high performance hosting infrastructure that is being comprised, among other elements, of back-end web server instances and application servers for hosting and serving both static and dynamic sites.
Data Access Service Technical view - Infrastructure Data Access Service ABB is a Technology Service representing the ability, the right or the permission to use items of information.
Intranet Service Technical view - Infrastructure Intranet Service ABB is a Technology Service representing a computer network for sharing information, easier communication, collaboration tools, operational systems, and other computing services within an organization, usually to the exclusion of access by outsiders.[1] The term is used in contrast to public networks, such as the Internet, but uses most of the same technology based on the Internet protocol suite.
Remote Desktop Service Technical view - Infrastructure Remote Desktop Service ABB is a Technology Service representing a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
VPN Service Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Service ABB is a Technology Service delivering enterprise-focused communication services on a shared public network infrastructure and provides customized operating characteristics uniformly and universally across an enterprise.
Web Service Technical view - Infrastructure Service being provided by a network provider which is the combination of transmission systems and, where applicable, switching or routing equipment and other resources which permit the conveyance of signals by wire, by radio, by optical or by other electromagnetic means, including satellite networks, fixed (circuit- and packet- switched, including Internet) and mobile terrestrial networks, electricity cable systems, to the extent that they are used for the purpose of transmitting signals, networks used for radio and television broadcasting, and cable television networks, irrespective of the type of information conveyed.
On Premise Facility Technical view - Infrastructure On Premise Facility ABB is a Location that refers to a software is located and operated within a user’s datacenter. 
Application Interface Technical view - Infrastructure Application Interface ABB is a Technology Interface representing a layer which provides the application with a program with which it can access, communicate and configure the middleware component.
Data Interface Technical view - Infrastructure Data Interface ABB is a Technology Interface representing a point where two systems, subjects, organizations meet and interact to exchange and/or collect items of Information.
Intranetwork Service Technical view - Infrastructure Intranetwork Service ABB is a Technology Interface
representing two or more computer networks connected by routers, bridges internally.
Remote Desktop Interface Technical view - Infrastructure Remote Desktop Interface ABB is a Technology Interface representing a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
Terminal Interface Technical view - Infrastructure Terminal Interface ABB is a Technology Interface representing a device, combining keyboard and display screen, that communicates with a computer.
VPN Interface Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Interface ABB is a Technology Service delivering enterprise-focused communication services on a shared public network infrastructure and provides customized operating characteristics uniformly and universally across an enterprise.
Internet Interface Technical view - Infrastructure Internet Interface ABB is a Technology Interface providing access to a loose confederation of independent yet interconnected networks that use the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) protocols for communications. It provides universal connectivity and three levels of network services: connectionless packet delivery, full-duplex stream delivery, and application-level services.
Application Server Technical view - Infrastructure Application Server ABB is a Node representing the central location that hosts applications or a website and enables a remote “client” (system or program) to access the material held.
Host Application Technical view - Infrastructure Host Application ABB is a System Software representing any piece of software that is running on a provider's infrastructure. These hosted applications are accessed over the internet and have a web - based user interface to be able to interact with.
Application Server Software Environment Technical view - Infrastructure Application Server Software Environment ABB is a System Software representing a type of software that is designed to be used, operated and managed on a computing server. It provides and facilitates the harnessing of underlying server computing power for use with an array of high-end computing services and functions.
High Performance Server Technical view - Infrastructure High Performance Server ABB is a Node refering to processing complex calculations at high speeds across multiple servers in parallel. Those groups of servers are known as clusters and are composed of hundreds or even thousands of compute servers that have been connected through a network.
Data Server Technical view - Infrastructure Data Server ABB is a Node representing a software program/platform used to provide database services like storing, processing and securing data. These database services are consumed by other software programs or components.
Data Space Technical view - Infrastructure Data Space ABB is an Artifact being defined as a place that holds data, makes data available to use, and organizes data in a logical manner. A data space may also be defined as an appropriate, subject-specific location where researchers can submit their data. Data space may have specific requirements concerning subject or research domain; data re-use and access; file format and data structure; and the types of metadata that can be used.
Host Data Management Technical view - Infrastructure Host Data Management ABB is a System Software representing the act of managing and storing the data on a stable and accessible web platform.
Data Virtualization Technical view - Infrastructure Data Virtualization ABB is a System Software enabling business users to consume data through reports, dashboards, portals, mobile apps, and Web applications. The Consume layer enables a single point of access and interaction with the underlying data sources, as well as abstracted data views in a standard delivery format.
Data Warehouse Technical view - Infrastructure Data Warehouse ABB is an Artifact being designed to hold data extracted from transaction systems, operational data stores and external sources. The warehouse then combines that data in an aggregate, summary form suitable for enterprisewide data analysis and reporting for predefined business needs.
Data Server Software Environment Technical view - Infrastructure Data Server Software Environment ABB is a System Software representing a type of software that is designed to be used, operated and managed on a computing server. It provides and facilitates the harnessing of underlying server computing power for use with an array of high-end computing services and functions.
Data Lake Technical view - Infrastructure DataLlake ABB is an Artifact including raw copies of source system data, sensor data, social data etc., and transformed data used for tasks such as reporting, visualization, advanced analytics and machine learning. A data lake can include structured data from relational databases (rows and columns), semi-structured data (CSV, logs, XML, JSON), unstructured data (emails, documents, PDFs) and binary data (images, audio, video). A data lake can be established "on premises" (within an organization's data centers) or "in the cloud" (using cloud services from vendors such as Amazon, Microsoft, or Google).
Data Hub Technical view - Infrastructure Data Hub ABB is an Artifact collecting data from multiple sources which are organized for distribution, sharing, and often subsetting and sharing. Generally this data distribution is in the form of a hub and spoke architecture.
Triplestore Technical view - Infrastructure Triplestore ABB is an Artifact representing a purpose-built database for the storage and retrieval of triples through semantic queries.
Knowledge Technical view - Infrastructure Knowledge ABB is a Meaning delivering awareness or familiarity which is gained by experience of a fact or situation. 
Intranet Server Technical view - Infrastructure Intranet Server ABB is a Node representing a central computer from which other computers get information within an organisation.
Internal Website Technical view - Infrastructure Internal Website ABB is an Artifact representing private networks that are only accessible internally to an organisation's employees.
Internal Web Application Database Technical view - Infrastructure Internal Web Application Database ABB is an Artifact representing a comprehensive collection of related organised data, that can be accessed, and they are part of the organisation. 
Intranet Application Technical view - Infrastructure Intraner Application ABB is a System Software representing a computer network with restricted access, as within a company, that uses software and protocols developed for the internet.
Intranet Server Environment Technical view - Infrastructure Intranet Server Environment ABB is a System Software representing a central computer from which other computers get information within an organisation.
Remote Desktop Services Server Technical view - Infrastructure Remote Desktop Services Server ABB is a Node representing an umbrella term for features of Windows Server that allow users to remotely access graphical desktops and Windows applications.
Virtual Private Network Server Technical view - Infrastructure Virtual Private Network Server ABB is a Node representing a physical or virtual server that is configured to host and deliver VPN services to users worldwide. The server is a combination of VPN hardware and VPN software that allow VPN clients to connect to a secure private network.
VPN Application Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Application ABB is a System Software representing a system that delivers enterprise-focused communication services on a shared public network infrastructure and provides customized operating characteristics uniformly and universally across an enterprise.
VPN Server Environment Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Server Environment ABB is a System Software representing a physical or virtual server that is configured to host and deliver VPN services to users worldwide. The server is a combination of VPN hardware and VPN software that allow VPN clients to connect to a secure private network.
Web Server Technical view - Infrastructure Web Server ABB is a Node representing the central location that hosts Web pages or a website and enables a remote “client” (system or program) to access the material held.
External Website Technical view - Infrastructure External Website ABB is an Artifact meaning any Web Page or other material that can be accessed using a Web Browser and that is not part of the organisation's Web Site.
Front-end Firewall Technical view - Infrastructure Front-end Firewall ABB is a Node representing an application or an entire computer (e.g., an Internet gateway server) that controls access to the network and monitors the flow of network traffic. A firewall can screen and keep out unwanted network traffic and ward off outside intrusion into a private network. This is particularly important when a local network connects to the Internet. Firewalls have become critical applications as use of the Internet has increased.
External Web Application Database Technical view - Infrastructure External Web Application Database is an Artifact representing a comprehensive collection of related organised data, that can be accessed, but is not part of the organisation.
Web Application Technical view - Infrastructure Web Application ABB is a System Software representing an application in which all or some parts of the software are downloaded from the Web every time it runs.
Web Server Environment Technical view - Infrastructure Web Server Environment ABB is a System Software representing a computer software and underlying hardware that accepts requests via HTTP (the network protocol created to distribute web content) or its secure variant HTTPS. A user agent, commonly a web browser or web crawler, initiates communication by making a request for a web page or other resource using HTTP, and the server responds with the content of that resource or an error message. A web server can also accept and store resources sent from the user agent if configured to do so.
Internet Technical view - Infrastructure Internet ABB is a Communication Network representing a loose confederation of independent yet interconnected networks that use the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) protocols for communications. It provides universal connectivity and three levels of network services: connectionless packet delivery, full-duplex stream delivery, and application-level services.
VPN Path Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Path ABB is a path representing an end device, software or user that is seeking connection, network or data services from a VPN.
VPN Client Device Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Client Device ABB is a Device representing an end device, software or user that is seeking connection, network or data services from a VPN. It is part of the VPN infrastructure and is the end recipient of VPN services.
VPN Client Technical view - Infrastructure VPN Client ABB is a System Software representing an end device, software or user that is seeking connection, network or data services from a VPN. It is part of the VPN infrastructure and is the end recipient of VPN services.
Sensor Technical view - Infrastructure Sensor ABB is a Device ABB representing a device, machine, or subsystem that detects events or changes in its setting and sends them in sequence to other electronics, often a computer processor. A sensor is always a part of electronics.
Smart Device Technical view - Infrastructure Smart Device ABB is a Device meaning any computer, cellular phone, smartphone, digital camera, video camera, audio recording device, or other electronic device that can be used for creating, storing, or transmitting information in the form of electronic data.
Extranet Firewall Technical view - Infrastructure Extranet Firewall ABB is a Node representing a computer hardware or software that prevents unauthorized access to private data (as on a company's local area network or intranet) by outside computer users (as of the Internet)
User Terminal Technical view - Infrastructure User Terminal ABB is a Device combining keyboard and display screen, that communicates with a computer. Terminals are divided into different classes depending on whether they are able to process data on their own.
Back-end Firewall Technical view - Infrastructure Back-end Firewall ABB is a Node representing an application or an entire computer (e.g., an Internet gateway server) that controls access to the network and monitors the flow of network traffic. A firewall can screen and keep out unwanted network traffic and ward off outside intrusion into a private network. This is particularly important when a local network connects to the Internet. Firewalls have become critical applications as use of the Internet has increased.
Enterprise Service Bus Technical view - Infrastructure Enterprise Service Bus ABB is a Communication Network implementing a communication system between mutually interacting software applications in a service-oriented architecture (SOA). It represents a software architecture for distributed computing, and is a special variant of the more general client-server model, wherein any application may behave as server or client. ESB promotes agility and flexibility with regard to high-level protocol communication between applications. Its primary use is in enterprise application integration (EAI) of heterogeneous and complex service landscapes.
Technical Interoperability Agreement Technical view - Infrastructure Technical Interoperability Agreement is the means through which Technical Authorities mandate specific Technical Interoperability Specifications, ensuring organisations (operating under different technical frameworks,
policies and strategies) are able to work together.
Technical Interoperability Agreement Technical view - Infrastructure Technical Interoperability Agreement is the means through which Technical Authorities mandate specific Technical Interoperability Specifications, ensuring organisations are able to work together.
Technical Agreement Technical view - Infrastructure Technical Agreement ABB is a Contract constituting a framework and a privileged forum to identify common interests, priorities, policy dialogue, and the necessary tools for Strategic & Technological collaboration.
Architecture Principle Technical view - Infrastructure Architecture Principle ABB is a Principle defining the underlying general rules and guidelines for the use and deployment of all IT resources and assets across the enterprise. They reflect a level of consensus among the various elements of the enterprise, and form the basis for making future IT decisions.