Name of the solution: EIRA
Solution's owner: European Commission (DG Informatics) - ISA² Programme
The European Interoperability Reference Architecture (EIRA©) is an architecture content metamodel defining the most salient architectural building blocks (ABBs) needed to build interoperable e-Government systems. The EIRA© provides a common terminology that can be used by people working for public administrations in various architecture and system development tasks. The EIRA© was created and is being maintained in the context of Action 2016.32 of the ISA² Programme. The EIRA uses (and extends) the ArchiMate language as a modeling notation and uses service orientation as an architectural style.
The EIRA implements the following:
EIRA implements the following EIF recommendations as explained below:
Recommendation 1 | Subsidiarity and proportionality
EIRA helps public administrations to ensure compliance with EIF by providing insights on the key interoperability enablers and a comprehensive review of the quality of the descriptions of each architecture building block. EIRA© consists of several views, including one view for each of the EIF interoperability levels.
Recommendation 2 | Openness
EIRA Architecture Building Blocks support the EIF principle of openness and encourages the concept of publication of data as open data.
Recommendation 5 | Transparency
The use of EIIRA Architecture Building Blocks helps to ensure solution owners internal visibility and enables them to provide external interfaces for European public services.
Recommendation 6 | Reusability
EIRA defines the most salient architectural building blocks (ABBs) needed to build interoperable eGovernment systems. This provides a framework allowing the description of solutions using well established controlled vocabulary. EIRA also facilitates the discovery and reusability of existing solutions.
Recommendation 8 | Technological neutrality and data portability
EIRA ensures technological neutrality as it does not impose the use of any specific technology when implementing the solution architecture.
Recommendation 10 | User centricity
The technical view of EIRA takes into account the use of multiple channels to provide the European public services.
Recommendation 14 | Inclusion and accessibility
The EIRA EIF view contains the principle of accessibility.
Recommendation 15 | Security and privacy
The EIRA EIF view contains the principle of security and privacy and it is also included in the technical view of EIRA.
Recommendation 16 | Multilingualism
The EIRA EIF view contains the principle of multilingualism and it is also included in the technical view of EIRA.
Recommendation 20 | Interoperability governance
EIRA provides an architecture that accelerates the design of systems that support the delivery and governance of interoperable digital public services (across borders and sectors).
Recommendation 22 | Interoperability governance
EIRA provides a framework that can facilitate the identification of standards and specifications linked to the most salient interoperability building blocks.
Recommendation 25 | Integrated public service governance
EIRA framework can support the implementation of a governance structure to ensure smooth exchange of information and interoperability.
Recommendation 26 | Integrated public service governance
EIRA provides a framework for describing key Interoperability Agreement Enablers as architecture building blocks. These architecture building blocks are key interoperability enablers for assessing agreements.
Recommendation 28 | Organisational interoperability
EIRA contains an organisational view, which can support public administrations in achieving organisational interoperability.
Recommendation 29 | Organisational interoperability
EIRA provides a framework that facilitates the formalisation of organisation relationships.
Recommendation 30 | Semantic interoperability
The semantic view of EIRA takes into account the existence of data and open data policies.
Recommendation 31 | Semantic interoperability
The semantic view of EIRA takes into account the existence of master data and descriptive metadata policy.
Recommendation 32 | Semantic interoperability
The semantic interoperability specification takes into account the creation of cross-sectoral communities that aim to create open information specifications and encourage relevant communities to share their results on national and European platforms.
Recommendation 33 | Technical interoperability
EIRA facilitates the identification of interoperability specifications and promotes the use of common interoperability specifications based on open standards referenced in the European Interoperability Cartography.
Recommendation 34 | Model
EIRA provides an architecture together with key components and building blocks that can support the implementation of the EIF Conceptual model.
Recommendation 37 | Base registries
The semantic view of EIRA contains a master data policy focusing on making authoritative sources of information available to others.
Recommendation 38 | Base registries
The semantic view of EIRA contains a base registry data policy, focusing on management of base registries.
Recommendation 39 | Base registries
The semantic view of EIRA contains a master data and descriptive metadata policy, focusing on metadata management.
Recommendation 41 | Open data
The semantic view of EIRA contains an open data policy, focusing on integrated of opening of data into common business processes, among other things.
Recommendation 42 | Open data
The semantic view of EIRA contains an open data policy, which supports the publication of open data in machine-readable non-proprietary formats.
Recommendation 43 | Open data
EIRA can support public administrations as a common model to describe interoperability solutions, including the rights to access and reuse open data.
Recommendation 44 | Catalogues
EIRA can support public administrations as a common model to describe interoperability solutions, including making of catalogues of public data, common solutions and other public assets.
Recommendation 47 | Security and privacy
EIRA includes several trust services according to the Regulation on eID and Trust services in its technical view.