Published on: 14/07/2017

List of definitions

Authentic dataData that provides an accurate representation of reality with quality parameters that are fit for the intended purposes
Authoritative dataData from officially regarded sources
Application Programming Interface (API)A set of functions and procedures that allow the creation of applications which access the features or data of an operating system, application, or other service.
Big dataHigh volume, high velocity (speed at which data is generated) and high variety information assets that demand cost-effective, innovative forms of information processing for enhanced insight and decision making.
Data as a Service (DaaS)A design approach that contributes to an information architecture by delivering data on demand via consistent, prebuilt access, with the aid of standard processing and connectivity protocols. Originating data remains local to its storage platform and, following various steps to access, format, evaluate and possibly even contextualize it, is presented as output for use in a subsequent process or delivery endpoint.
Digital governmentGovernment designed and operated to take advantage of information in creating, optimising, and transforming, government services.
Digital platformA framework that allows a community of partners, providers and users to share and enhance digital processes and capabilities, or to extend them for mutual benefit. This framework allows for combinations of business models, leadership, talent, delivery and IT infrastructure platforms that power digital ecosystems.
EIRAA structured basis for classifying and organising building blocks relevant to interoperability, which are used in the delivery of digital public services.
Evidence based policy makingThe development of public policy which is informed by objective evidence, e.g. through data related to the content of the policy
Government as a Platform (GaaP)Government as a Platform presents a new way of building digital public services using a collaborative development model by a community of partners, providers and citizens to share and enhance digital public processes and capabilities, or to extend them for the benefit of society.
INSPIREDirective 2007/2/EC establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe to support Community environmental policies, and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment.
Internet of Things (IoT)A network of dedicated physical objects (things) that contain embedded technology to sense or interact with their internal state or external environment. The IoT comprises an ecosystem that includes things, communications, applications and data analysis.
InteroperabilityThe ability of disparate and diverse organisations to interact towards mutually beneficial and agreed common goals, involving the sharing of information and knowledge between the organisations, through the business processes they support, by means of the exchange of data between their respective ICT systems;
Location informationAny piece of information has a direction or indirect reference to a specific location or geographical area, such as an address, a postcode, a building or a census area. Most information from diverse sources can be linked to a location. This term can be interchanged with spatial, geospatial, place and geographic information.
Location information strategyA strategic approach for managing and maximising the value of location information.
Location intelligenceLocation intelligence is the use of analytics to relate geographic and location contexts to business data. Location intelligence is designed to turn data into insight for a variety of business purposes. Location data, coupled with analytics and Business Intelligence software, can enrich information, then help organisations better analyse and visualise it.
Location privacyThe reasonable expectation that an individual cannot be identified without their permission by reference to information regarding their location or objects that may be attributed to them.
Location-enabled servicesServices provided by public authorities which depend on effective management or use of location information
Meshed App and Service Architecture (MASA)A new application architecture structure with constituent parts (apps, mini services, micro services and mediated APIs) which delivers increased agility and enables far-reaching application innovations to support IoT integration, automated decision making, third-party interoperability and omni-channel business models.
Mediated APIA mediated API is a design pattern in which an API is virtualised, managed, protected and enriched by a mediation layer.
Spatial literacy The ability to use the properties of space to communicate, reason, and solve problems.
StandardAs defined in European legislation (Article 1, paragraph 6, of Directive 98/34/EC), a standard is a technical specification approved by a recognised standardisation body for repeated or continuous application, with which compliance is not compulsory and which is one of the following:
  • international standard: a standard adopted by an international standardisation organisation and made available to the public;
  • European standard: a standard adopted by a European standardisation body and made available to the public;
  • national standard: a standard adopted by a national standardisation body and made available to the public.

Nature of documentation: Technical report


Type of document
European Union Public Licence, Version 1.1 or later (EUPL)