National Interoperability Initiatives

This table here below aims at providing an overview of all the initiatives, such as the political communications, guidelines, and legislation, related to interoperability that have been put in place by the 36 European countries analysed namely, the EU’s 27 Member States, the EFTA countries, Montenegro, the Republic of North Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom.

Austria

Initiative

Description

Austrian Digitisation Strategy

Year: 2016

The Austrian Digitisation Strategy gives a strong focus to the Once-Only Principle, the reduction of administrative burden for citizens, as well as for companies, as the main key issues to be addressed in the legislative period from 2020 to 2024.

Austria Interoperability Framework

Year: 2015

The Austrian interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context.

eGovernment Act

Year: 2004

The eGovernment Act contains provisions on the Once-Only Principle.
Belgium

Digital Transformation Office Strategy

Year: 2019

Within the newly created Federal Public Service for Policy and Support, the Digital Transformation Office (DTO) implements the Belgian Digital Agenda, which is based upon the EU Digital Agenda 2020. In order to support this strategy, DTO has adopted the EIF as reference for BelgIF. DTO mapped their architecture upon the European Interoperability Reference Architecture (EIRA).

BelgIF- Belgian Interoperability Framework

Year: 2013

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context.
bulgaria

The National Interoperability Framework (BNIF) for Information Systems of Executive Authorities

Year: 2014

The National Interoperability Framework (BNIF) for Information Systems of Executive Authorities is a draft document for a medium-term strategy whose goal is to implement the eGovernance Development Strategy 2014-2020. The aim of the interoperability framework is to facilitate public sector operations and to increase public sector efficiency in Bulgaria by improving the quality of services provided to Bulgarian and EU citizens. It has not been legally adopted by any decision yet. 

eGovernment Act

Year: 2008

The Act establishes that the provision of internal electronic administrative services and the exchange of electronic documents between the administrative authorities shall be carried out under the conditions of interoperability.
Croatia

eCroatia 2020 Strategy

Year: 2020

The strategy focuses on the insurance of interoperability between the current and the new ICT systems in public administration, including the elimination of duplicated functionalities. 

Decree on Organisational and Technical Standards for Connecting to the National Information Infrastructure

Year: 2017

The Decree defines the technical standards for interoperability.
Cyprus

Electronic Health Act of 2019

Year: 2019

The Act intends to align the Cypriot health infrastructure with the standards set by the European Union to set up the necessary infrastructure for the exchange of health data across national borders within the EU and for the provision of interoperable eHealth services.

National eGovernment Interoperability Framework

Year: 2017

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context.
Czechia

Act on the Right to Digital Service

Year: 2020

The national Act on the Right to Digital Service, in alignment with Regulation (EU) 2018/1724, the Single Digital Gateway, set ambitious goals for interoperability initiatives in public administration and is supported by the Government of the Czech Republic which considers the digitalisation of public services as a national priority. 

National Architectural Framework (NAF)

Year: 2019

The aim of the NAF was to provide public administrations at all levels by common vision, ensure better interoperability across sectors and potentially cross-border, and to offer standardised guidelines on key architecture issues expected from the central authority. The new platform has been introduced for the community of eGovernment architects and suppliers of public services. It was implemented as an annex to the Information Concept Plan in accordance with the law 365/2000 sb.

Information Concept of the Czech Republic

Year: 2018

The Information Concept of the Czech Republic (i.e. the public ICT strategy – Informační koncepce České republiky), contains important guidelines to ensure interoperability of public administration systems. The Information Concept was prepared by the Ministry of Interior and approved by the government. It was implemented on the legal provision of §5a in the law 365/2000 sb. 

Strategic  Framework of the Development of Public Administration

Year: 2014

The strategic framework for the development of public administration in the Czech Republic for 2014-2020 defines the topics for the next stage of modernisation and development of public administration and eGovernment, especially towards streamlining and improving the work of public institutions in line with the strategic documents of the European Commission.  It was approved by The Ministry of Interior in cooperation with selected ministries and the Office of the Government, and implemented under the Government Resolution No. 680 dated 27 August 2014.

Act on Base Registries

Year: 2009

The Czech Republic does not have a single document that explicitly describes the national interoperability framework. However, interoperability of public administration systems is safeguarded by different laws and regulations such as the Act on Information Systems of Public Administration, the Act on Base Registries, the Act on Free Access to Information and the Act on Archiving and Records Management. Furthermore, different strategic documents deal with the eGovernment principles and goals.

Act on Archiving and Records Management

Year: 2004

The Czech Republic does not have a single document that explicitly describes the national interoperability framework. However, interoperability of public administration systems is safeguarded by different laws and regulations such as the Act on Information Systems of Public Administration, the Act on Base Registries, the Act on Free Access to Information and the Act on Archiving and Records Management. Furthermore, different strategic documents deal with the eGovernment principles and goals.

Act on Information Systems of Public Administration

Year: 2000

The Czech Republic does not have a single document that explicitly describes the national interoperability framework. However, interoperability of public administration systems is safeguarded by different laws and regulations such as the Act on Information Systems of Public Administration, the Act on Base Registries, the Act on Free Access to Information and the Act on Archiving and Records Management. Furthermore, different strategic documents deal with the eGovernment principles and goals.

Act on Free Access to Information

Year: 1999

The Czech Republic does not have a single document that explicitly describes the national interoperability framework. However, interoperability of public administration systems is safeguarded by different laws and regulations such as the Act on Information Systems of Public Administration, the Act on Base Registries, the Act on Free Access to Information and the Act on Archiving and Records Management. Furthermore, different strategic documents deal with the eGovernment principles and goals.
Denmark

Common Framework for Public-Sector Digital Architecture

Year: 2016

The framework architecture describes the digital architecture in the form of reference architectures and building blocks. It builds on similar prior work, among other things. the previous joint public cooperation on architecture and standards (OIO), the architecture of the basic data programme, the health domain common architecture, the common municipal framework architecture and the pan-European interoperability reference architecture (EIRA).
Estonia

Digital Agenda 2020 for Estonia

Year: 2020

All national digital initiatives, including interoperability, stem from the agenda and must be in alignment with it.

Estonian Interoperability Framework

Year: 2005

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context.

Public Information Act

Year: 2001

The Public Information Act sets out various elements related to interoperability. These are for instance the prohibition of collecting duplicate data and the concept of base data. This Act serves as the legal basis for secondary legislation.
Finland

Act on Information Management in Public Administration

Year: 2020

The Act on Information Management in Public Administration (906/2019) includes a requirement for government agencies to utilise datasets of other government agencies whenever possible, if they have access to such data via electronic interfaces. Regular exchange of data between agencies has to be organised via electronic interfaces. The Act also prescribes to the Ministry of Finance a general coordination task of interoperability of public sector data sets. 

Prime Minister Sipilä’s Government Programme

Year: 2015

The overall architecture of the Prime Minister Juha Sipilä’s Board of Directors’ programme was developed and monitored at the national level to ensure interoperability of the national service path.

Act on Government’s common ICT-services

Year: 2013

The Act was adopted to improve the efficiency, quality and interoperability of the common ICT service in government offices.
France

Decree on the Unified Command and Information System for Fire and Rescue Services and Civil Protection NexSIS 18-112

Year: 2019

The Decree aims to use interoperability to better manage crisis situations.
Germany

Architectural guideline for federal IT

Year: 2018

With the Architectural guideline for federal IT, the Federal Government aimed to provide a comprehensive IT architecture management in order to achieve IT consolidation within Germany. 
Greece

Strategy for Digital Growth

Year: 2014

The vision of the strategy is ‘to transform the productive model in a sustainable way with broad and effective use of ICT everywhere, while Greece will become a technological regional centre of innovation, excellence and service with international orientation, friendly to humans and investment’. One main area of improvement for this strategy is interoperability.

Greek eGovernment Interoperability Framework (Greek e-GIF)

Year: 2012

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context. It was ratified by a Ministerial decision and published in the government Gazette YAP / Φ.40.4 / 1/989 ( Government Gazette 1301 / Β '/ 12-04-2012 ). 

Digital Authentication Framework

Year: 2012

This framework supports eGovernment at Central, Regional and Local level and ensureinteroperability at the level of information systems, procedures and data. It sets the standards, the procedures and the technologies required for the registration, identification and authentication of the eGovernment services users, including citizens, businesses, public authorities and civil servants.

Certification Framework for Public Administration Sites and Portals

Year: 2008

This framework specifies the directions and standards to be followed by the public agencies at central or local levels, when designing, developing and deploying eGovernment portals of the Public Administration and supporting eGovernment services.

Interoperability and Electronic Services Provisioning Framework

Year: 2008

This framework defines the basic principles and the general strategy to be followed by the public agencies, when developing eGovernment Information Systems. It also provides organisational and semantic interoperability guidelines, as well as the technical specifications and communication standards.
Hungary

eAdministration Act

Year: 2015

The strategy aims at the development of the infrastructure required for the electronic services (IT, back office), the development of e-administration services and their connection at an adequate level, with the greatest possible interoperability.

Hungarian National Info communications Strategy 

Year: 2014

The strategy describes the development of digital infrastructure, and based on this, the development of digital skills, digital economy and digital government in Hungary.
Ireland

Data Sharing and Governance Act

Year: 2019

The Act paves the way for more efficient and cost-effective service delivery by public bodies by providing a clear legal basis for the sharing of personal data in certain circumstances. The aim is to reduce the administrative burden associated with the need for individuals to provide their personal data to numerous public bodies.

Public Service Data Strategy

Year: 2018

The Public Service Data Strategy 2019-2023 sets out a detailed vision with a set of goals and actions to deliver a more joined-up whole-of-Government approach to how data is used and managed within the public service. It aims to put in place a series of measures to improve how data is governed, managed and re-used in a secure, efficient and transparent manner, for the benefit of citizens, businesses and policy makers.
Italy

Three Year Plan for ICT in the Public Administration

Year: 2019

It is a strategic and economic policy document for all Public Administrations that oversee the digital transformation of the country. The plan defines the fundamental architectural principles, the interoperability rules of national infrastructures, and the cooperation model between different ecosystems and platforms.
Latvia

National Interoperability Framework (NIF)

Year: 2015

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context. In was implemented  in accordance with the Regulations of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development under Cabinet Regulation No. 233 of 29 March 2011. 

Information Society Development Programme for 2014-2020

Year: 2014

The Information Society Development Programme 2014-2020 has the objective of ensuring the development of a secure, reliable and interoperable ICT infrastructure. 
Lithuania

Law on the Management State Information Resources

Year: 2004

The purpose of this law is to ensure proper creation, management, disposal, use, supervision, interaction, planning, financing, and protection of state information resources.
Lux

Luxembourg National Interoperability Framework

Year: 2019

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context. It was approved and implemented by the Government gathered in Council. 
Malta

National ICT Interoperability Framework (NIF)

Year: 2009

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context. This document does not present policy, regulation and/or compliance perspectives as these activities fall directly within the ICT Governance and the Compliance Management Frameworks respectively. Related policy documentation is issued separately on the GMICT Policy portal to compliment the framework’s guidance.
NL

Policy Framework NLDigiBeter

Year: 2018

The policy framework agenda includes principles for developing the policy for the digital government basic infrastructure and for further development of the generic functions of the digital government basic infrastructure. The generic functions of NL DigiBeter are filled by agreements, standards and facilities.

NORA Strategy

Year: 2010

NORA (which is the acronym used for the Dutch Government Reference Architecture, Nederlandse Overhead Referentie Architectuur) is a description of the principles underlying the design and linkage of the information systems used by the Dutch government. 
Poland

State Information Architecture

Year: 2019

The State Information Architecture consists of a vision of future architecture and models, standards and documentation of the current state, which is the basis for planning development and ensuring the consistency of IT activities undertaken by various institutions. The work is done in accordance with the EIRA (European Interoperability Reference Architecture) and the EIF (European Interoperability Framework).

Act on the Computerisation of the Operations of the Entities Performing Public Tasks

Year: 2005

The act sets minimum requirements for electronic systems used for the implementation of public tasks and public registers and exchange of information in electronic form from the public entities and National interoperability framework of the electronic systems in a way that ensures technological neutrality and transparency used standards and specifications.
Portugal

Resolution of Council of Ministers on the Interoperability Platform for the Public Administration (iAP)

Year: 2020

The Resolution foresaw the preferential adoption of the Interoperability Platform for the Public Administration (iAP) as the primary means of exchanging information among departments and entities of Public Administration.

National Digital Interoperability Regulation

Year: 2012

The regulation establishes the adoption of open standards for information in digital format in Public Administration, promoting the technological freedom of citizens and organisations and the interoperability of the information technology systems of the State.
Romania

Draft Law on National Interoperability Framework

Year: 2019

It is a Draft Law on the achievement of the national framework of reference for the achievement of interoperability in the field of information and communication technology.

National Interoperability Framework

Year: 2016

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context.
Slovakia

 

Act No. 95/2019 on Information Technologies in Public Sector

Year: 2019

As of 1 May 2019, this new Act entered into force and replaced former Act 275/2006 on information systems in public administration. The new Act brought a systemic change into the management of IT in public sector. Respective public bodies charged with the IT management were given more responsibilities within the whole project cycle of IT implementation.

2030 Digital Transformation Strategy for Slovakia

Year: 2019

The 2030 Strategy for Digital Transformation of Slovakia is a framework cross-sectional government strategy that defines the policy and particular priorities of Slovakia in the context of on-going digital transformation of economy and society under the influence of innovative technologies and global megatrends of the digital era.

Cybersecurity Act 69/2018

Year: 2018

The Slovak Cyber Security Act defines the minimum requirements to ensure cyber security in Slovakia. The Act applies to operators of essential services, i.e., to entities in key sectors, including banking, electronic communications, energy and healthcare, and to digital service providers. 

Law Against Bureaucracy Act No. 177/2018 Coll.

Year: 2018

According to the law, public authorities are obliged and authorised to obtain and use data recorded in public administration information systems.

Amendment No. 238/2017 to the Act No. 305/2013 of Coll. on the eGovernment

Year: 2017

The amendment introduced the concept of central delivery of official documents, online payments for electronic services and simplified authorisation of electronic documents between information systems.

Trusted Services Act 272/2016

Year: 2016

On 20 September 2016, the National Council approved an amendment to the Act on eGovernment that was subsequently published in the national Collection of Laws under the Trusted Service Act. The aim of the amendment was to harmonise existing procedures in the areas of identification and authentication with reflect to Regulation No. 910/2014 of the European Parliament, and of the Council of 23 July 2014, on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market and repealing Directive 1999/93/EC.

The National Concept of eGovernment (NCeGov)

Year: 2016

The National Concept of eGovernment, approved by the Slovak government in September 2016, is a conceptual document that defines the strategic Enterprise Architecture of eGovernment and its central coordination as well as the principles and objectives of its further development in accordance with the goals stated in the Strategic Document for Digital Growth and Next Generation Access Infrastructure.

Strategic Document for Digital Growth and Next Generation Access Infrastructure (2014–2020)

Year: 2014

The document outlined and detailed the measures to be implemented for effective investments in supporting fixed and mobile broadband.
Slovenia

Semantic Interoperability Implementation Strategy 

Year: 2018

The strategy's priorities are the Once Only Principle, a more efficient and standardised planning of information solutions models, a greater degree of reliability and quality of data being exchanged between systems.

National Interoperability Framework- NIO

Year: 2010

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context.

Spatial Information Act

Year: 2010

The Spatial Information Act, in its articles 8, 10, 11 and 12, defines the interoperability of spatial data sets and services. It defines interoperability as the ability to combine spatial data sets and for services to interact, without manual intervention, in such a way that the result is coherent, and the added value of the spatial data sets and services is enhanced. Interoperability of spatial data sets and spatial data services shall be provided by administrators. Interoperability shall ensure links between different spatial data that refer to the same location, and between the same spatial data that refer to the same spatial object when represented at different scales. 
Spain

Digital Transformation Plan for the General Administration

Year: 2015

The Plan determines the drafting of technical interoperability and other standards to ensure that homogeneous, coordinated solutions are given in the provision of digital services. 

Law 40/2015 on Public Legal System

Year: 2015

The law declares that the interoperability of electronic media and systems and the joint provision of services to citizens is considered as a new principle of action and contributes to define its implementation.

National Interoperability Framework

Year: 2010

The interoperability framework is a set of standards and guidelines aimed at ensuring the provision of services for public administration institutions, enterprises and citizens both in the national and the European context. In Spain it is regulated by Royal Decree 4/2010, of 8 January 2010.
Sweden

Swedish framework for digital collaboration (Svenskt ramverk för digital samverkan)

Year: 2019

The Swedish framework for digital collaboration will support all public and publicly funded organisations to navigate in the same direction and thereby exchange information effectively.

Swedish government standardisation strategy 

Year: 2018

This strategy, among other things, lays the foundation for a more standardised and interoperable national approach to base registries and information exchange.

Proposal for interoperable data exchange

Year: 2018

During the last years, the Swedish government increased its focus on interoperability and standardisation. Proof of this are the different government assignments for standardised and interoperable information and data exchange. 

eCollaboration programme

Year: 2015

The main focus of the eCollaboration programme (eSamverkansprogrammet) is to promote interoperability through the use of guidelines, sharing of knowledge, best practices and networking.
UK

Digital Service Standard

Year: 2019

The document aligns with the recommendations and principles of the European Interoperability Framework and focuses on the Open standards principle.

Technology Code of Practice

Year: 2017

The Technology Code of Practice is a set of criteria to help the government design, build and buy technology. It is used as a cross-government standard in the control process.