Underlying Principle 2: Openness

'.'The concept of openness mainly relates to data, specifications and software. Open government data (here simply referred ‘open data’) refers to the idea that all public data should be freely available for use and reuse by others, unless restrictions apply e.g. for protection of personal data, confidentiality, or intellectual property rights. Public administrations collect and generate huge amounts of data. The Directive on the reuse of public sector information (PSI)7 encourages Member States to make public information available for access and reuse as open data. The INSPIRE Directive8 requires, in addition, sharing of spatial datasets and services between public authorities with no restrictions or practical obstacles to its reuse. This data should be published with as few restrictions as possible and clear licences for its use to allow better scrutiny of administrations’ decision-making processes and realise transparency in practice.

          

Covered by: 

Recommendation 2

Publish the data you own as open data unless certain restrictions apply. Supporting Solutions

Recommendation 3 Ensure a level playing field for open source software and demonstrate active and fair consideration of using open source software, taking into account the total cost of ownership of the solution. Supporting Solutions
Recommendation 4

Give preference to open specifications, taking due account of the coverage of functional needs, maturity and market support and innovation. Supporting Solutions

Legal Initiatives

Legal inititiave

Relevant articles

Legislation:

Regulation (EU) 2018/1807 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 November 2018 on a framework for the free flow of non-personal data in the European Union 

Status:

In force

Core topics:

Free flow of […] data, data availability (clause 18) availability of data (Art.1) Access to data by competent authorities (Art.5.1) open standards (Art.6.1)

Legislation:

DIRECTIVE 2014/24/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 26 February 2014 on public procurement and repealing Directive 2004/18/EC

Status:

In force and transposed

Core topics:

  • Electronic standards

Shall not restrict economic operators’ access (Art.22.1) completely electronic process, and shall be open (Art.34) unrestricted and full direct access free of charge (Art.22.5, Art.54.1)

Legislation:

REGULATION (EU) No 910/2014 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 July 2014 on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market and repealing Directive 1999/93/EC

Status:

In force and transposed

Core topics:

  • Electronic identification schemes 
Cross-border interoperability and recognition (clause 54) shall be recognised  (Art.6.1) interoperable (Art.12.1)  interoperability framework (Art.12.2;3)

Open standards and specifications

Name of the Standard Relevant Reccomendations

'.' This application profile is a specification for metadata records to meet the specific application needs of data portals in Europe while providing semantic interoperability with other applications on the basis of reuse of established controlled vocabularies (e.g. EuroVoc) and mappings to existing metadata vocabularies

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 3

Recommendation 4

'.'The Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) is a specification used to describe reusable solutions, such as data models and specifications, reference data and open source software. It was created with the help of a working group of experts. On 1 August 2013, W3C published ADMS as a W3C Working Group note. Recommendation 4
'.'

The Core Public Service Vocabulary Application Profile is a data model that has been developed in the context of a Working Group for describing public services. 

The main focus of the CPSV-AP version 1.00 was the description of public services and business events on the Points of Single Contact which each Member State had to implement in the context of the Services Directive (2006/123/EC). 

Recommendation 4
'.'The CSSV is the vocabulary used for the information exchange related to standards and specifications amongst software solutions, as well as, it is the key element for the development of the new release of the EIRA Library of Interoperability Specifications (ELIS).  Recommendation 4
'.'The European Legislation Identifier (ELI) is a framework to make legislation metadata available online in a standardised format, so that it can be accessed, exchanged and reused across borders. For general information about ELI (governance, tools and news), and the implementation status of ELI by various stakeholders (in particular, the way ELI is implemented by the Office of Publications on Eur- Lex), please consult the ELI Register on Eur-Lex. Recommendation 4
'.'Core Vocabularies are simplified, reusable, and extensible data models that capture the fundamental characteristics of an entity, such as a person or a public organisation, in a context-neutral manner. Recommendation 4

Solutions supporting the implementation of Principle 2

 

Solution Description  Associated Recommendations
The Asset Description Metadata Schema
Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS)
The Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) is a specification used to describe reusable solutions, such as data models and specifications, reference data and open source software. It was created with the help of a working group of experts. On 1 August 2013, W3C published ADMS as a W3C Working Group note. Recommendation 4
CAMSS Assessments library
CAMSS Assessments library
The CAMSS Assessments Library is a catalogue of the assessments produced through the use of the CAMSS Tools. Each assessment constitutes a CAMSS solution and is fully reusable. Recommendation 4
camss list of standards
CAMSS List of Standards
 CAMSS maintains a list with all the standards and technical specifications recommended by the Member States of the EU. Recommendation 4
CAMSS Tools
CAMSS Tools
The CAMSS Tools are the assessment tools provided by the CAMSS Team. They are publicly available and support the fulfilment of assessments of standards and technical specifications and standard setting/developing organisations. Recommendation 4
camms as a service
CAMSSaaS
CAMSS-as-a-Service, provides a service which aim is the assessment of standards and specifications on demand through the use of CAMSS Tools. The author of the assessments is the CAMSS Team. Recommendation 4
BDTI logo
CEF Big Data Test Infrastructure
Big data test infrastructure (BDTI) helps public administrations improve the experience of the citizen, make government more efficient and boost business and the wider economy through big data. Big data is high-volume, high-velocity and high-variety information that requires new forms of processing to enable enhanced decision-making, insight discovery and process optimisation. Recommendation 4
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Context Broker 

CEF Context Broker is an API that can integrate data from multiple systems, creating a holistic view of information.

By providing the layer that describes each type of data, the Context Broker makes it possible to create an interface that makes it easy for anyone to view and interpret big data. Using the Context Broker, organisations can monitor their metrics in real time through live updates. You can share the context information you choose with third parties, enabling process improvements and innovation across the whole data value chain.

Recommendation 4
Communication and Information Resource Centre for Administrations, Businesses and Citizens
CIRCABC
 CIRCABC (Communication and Information Resource Centre for Administrations, Businesses and Citizens) is an open-source, web-based application which enables geographically spread collaborative groups to share information and resources in private workspaces. Recommendation 3
CISE
CISE node
The CISE Node manages the communication protocol among participants, including the security, access control to the information and the reliability aspects. The CISE Node is a common block for all the partners connected to the network, but the management is not centralised. It uses the CISE Data and Service Models to ensure technical and semantic interoperability among the CISE stakeholders. Recommendation 3
Core Assessments Vocabulary
Core Assessments Vocabulary (CAV)
The Core Assessment Vocabulary represents and defines what an “Assessment” of “assets” is and how to perform the assessment based on “Criteria”. It is a domain-agnostic vocabulary, meaning that it can be used to assess any type of assets. Recommendation 4
Core Public Service Vocabulary Application Profile
Core Public Service Vocabulary Application Profile (CPSV-AP)

The Core Public Service Vocabulary Application Profile is a data model that has been developed in the context of a Working Group for describing public services

The main focus of the CPSV-AP version 1.00 was the description of public services and business events on the Points of Single Contact which each Member State had to implement in the context of the Services Directive (2006/123/EC). 

Recommendation 4
Core Standards and Specifications Vocabulary
Core Standards and Specifications Vocabulary (CSSV)
The CSSV is the vocabulary used for the information exchange related to standards and specifications amongst software solutions, as well as, it is the key element for the development of the new release of the EIRA Library of Interoperability Specifications (ELIS).  Recommendation 4
Core Vocabularies
Core Vocabularies 
 Core Vocabularies are simplified, reusable, and extensible data models that capture the fundamental characteristics of an entity, such as a person or a public organisation, in a context-neutral manner.  Recommendation 4
Crypto-tool
Crypto Tool 
The European Parliament Crypto tool Software offers an open source software that enables to exchange files different parties in a secure manner. Recommendation 4
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Data models
The use of CISE specifications and data models, helps to ensure that public administrations are taking into account relevant EU recommendations on standards and specifications in the maritime domain and are seeking to make the approach consistent across borders. Recommendation 4
eArchive
eArchiving

eArchiving provides the core specifications, software, training and knowledge to help data creators, software developers and digital archives tackle the challenge of short, medium and long-term data management and reuse in a sustainable, authentic, cost-efficient, manageable and interoperable way.

eArchiving technical specifications are ideal for migrating long-term valuable data between generations of information systems, transferring data to dedicated long-term repositories (i.e. digital archives), or preserving and reusing data over extended (and shorter) periods of time and generations of software systems.

Recommendation 4
cef_eID
eID
The eID Building Block allows public administrations and private service providers to easily extend the use of their online services to citizens from other Member States, in line with the eIDAS Regulation.  Recommendation 4
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eInvoicing 

The CEF eInvoicing Building Block aims to promote the successful uptake of electronic invoicing in Europe, respecting the European standard on electronic invoicing and Directive 2014/55/EU on electronic invoicing in public procurement.

This is relevant for both public and private entities established in the EU, as well as in participating EEA countries. 

Recommendation 4
EIRA 

EIRA 

The European Interoperability Reference Architecture (EIRA©) is an architecture content metamodel defining the most salient architectural building blocks (ABBs) needed to build interoperable e-Government systems. The EIRA© provides a common terminology that can be used by people working for public administrations in various architecture and system development tasks. The EIRA© was created and is being maintained in the context of Action 2016.32 of the ISA² Programme. The EIRA uses (and extends) the ArchiMate language as a modelling notation and uses service orientation as an architectural style. 

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

EIRA Library of Interoperability Specifications
EIRA Library of Interoperability Specifications
The EIRA Library of Interoperability Specifications is a library containing the standards and specifications defining the interoperability requirements of the architectural building blocks (ABBs) contained in the European Interoperability Reference Architecture (EIRA). The aim of this library is supporting solutions architects when modelling using EIRA. Recommendation 4
cef_edeliv
eDelivery 
The eDelivery Building Block helps public administrations to exchange data and documents via AS4 Access Points, based on the AS4 messaging protocol. This allows different parties to exchange electronic data and documents across sectors and borders through a secure eDelivery message exchange network. By connecting to an AS4 Access Point, a public administration can exchange electronic data and documents with any organisation connected to another Access Point in the network. The eDelivery Building Block also helps upgrade exisiting solutions so they can connect to eDelivery messaging networks through an Access Point. 

Recommendation 3

Recommendation 4

eli ontology
ELI Ontology
 The European Legislation Identifier (ELI) is a framework to make legislation metadata available online in a standardised format, so that it can be accessed, exchanged and reused across borders. For general information about ELI (governance, tools and news), and the implementation status of ELI by various stakeholders (in particular, the way ELI is implemented by the Office of Publications on Eur- Lex), please consult the ELI Register on Eur-Lex. Recommendation 4
esignature
eSignature
The CEF eSignature Building Block allows public administrations, businesses, and citizens to electronically sign any document, anywhere in Europe, at any time, in line with the eIDAS Regulation for e-signatures, e-seals and related services offered by Trust Service Providers. Recommendation 4
ESPD exchange data model
ESPD exchange data model
European Single Procurement Document (ESPD) is a self-declaration of the businesses' financial status, abilities and suitability for a public procurement procedure. It is available in all EU languages and used as a preliminary evidence of fulfilment of the conditions required in public procurement procedures across the EU. Thanks to the ESPD, the tenderers no longer have to provide full documentary evidence and different forms previously used in the EU procurement, which means a significant simplification of access to cross-border tendering opportunities. From October 2018 onwards the ESPD shall be provided exclusively in an electronic form. Recommendation 4
etrustex
eTrustEx open source software package
cross-sector, open source tool that will help you to exchange structured and unstructured documents and to connect to pan-European e-delivery infrastructures with reduced investment. Recommendation 3
EUSurvey
EUSurvey
EUSurvey is distributed as open source on the GitHUB platform and can be reused in other software solutions. Recommendation 3
EULF Blueprint

Re3gistry

Re3gistry provides a central access point that allows labels and descriptions for reference codes to be easily looked up by humans, or retrieved by machines. It supports organisations in managing and updating reference codes in a consistent way, so that all versions of a code remain traceable and properly documented, and do not change or disappear over time.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

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Generic technical specification for the interoperability of powers and mandates

The main objective is to create a shared European data model about representation powers and mandates, which allows powers/mandates information originated in the information systems of one country to be directly processed automatically by the information systems in other country. The data model will be tested in real life through pilots with some MS and the technical specification will be put forward to the CEF eID Operational Management Board for endorsement and proposed to be incorporated in the CEF eID sample implementation and extension of the CEF eID technical specifications.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 3

Recommendation 4

Interoperability Quick Assessment Toolkit (IQAT)

Interoperability Quick Assessment Toolkit (IQAT)

he objective of the IQAT© is to allow Solution Owners to assess the Potential Interoperability of their software solutions supporting Public Services.

The toolkit is based on a specific conceptual model for the Interoperability assessment of software solutions, which relies on four interoperability areas: Interoperability (IOP) Governance, Software Architecture,
Human-to-Machine Interfaces and Machine-to-Machine Interfaces.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

Joinup
Joinup

This is the source code for Joinup (https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/). Joinup is a collaborative platform created by the European Commission and funded by the European Union via the Interoperability solutions for public administrations, businesses and citizens (ISA²) Programme.

It offers several services that aim to help e-Government professionals share their experience with each other. We also hope to support them to find, choose, re-use, develop and implement interoperability solutions.

Recommendation 3
LEOS software components
LEOS software components (under EUPL)
LEOS is designed to help those involved in draſting legislation, which is usually part of a complex process, by facilitating efficient online collaboration. Comments, suggestions, version control, co-edition, everything is there. Regarding the structure, that is where we aim to be as restrictive as possible and this is not because we are conservative, but because this helps the draſters follow the rules and avoid mistakes. Content is stored in an XML format, currently Akoma Ntoso V3. Recommendation 4
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Multilingual semantic indexing

This public multilingual knowledge management infrastructure will support e-commerce solutions, such as machine translation, localisation and multilingual search, by creating interoperable multilingual classifications and terminologies that will be easily reusable by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and public administrations. SMEs are currently at a disadvantage compared to big companies due to the high cost of providing multilingual services.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

Online Collection Software
Online Collection Software

In the context of European Citizens' Initiatives (ECI), the Online Collection software (OCS) is a tool for online data collection. OCS enables citizens to support a given initiative and organizers to manage its operations. The tool also streamlines both data collection and its verification by the National Authorities.

OCS respects the Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 and Regulation (EU) No 1179/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Within ISA action 1.12, the European Commission contributes to its development with the aim to provide a generic tool available to all initiative organizers. OCS is made available under a EUPL license.

Recommendation 4
Phase 2 of the catalogue of data visualisation tools and solutions

Phase 2 of the catalogue of data visualisation tools and solutions

The catalogue is a collection of visualisation tools, trainings and re-usable visualisations for all levels of data visualisation expertise, from beginner to expert.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

Reference Architecture for e-Documents
Reference Architecture for e-Documents (produced in previous phases of the action)
The presented architecture is based on the analysis about the exchange of e-Documents in 16 selected Member States, available here. Please use this report as a supporting document for the presented reference architecture and as a source of detailed information about the solutions used in the analysed Member States. Recommendation 4
Ref2Link
Ref2link package (under EUPL)

 Ref2Link automates the detection of references and generates hyperlinks based on dynamic and customisable rules. You can use Ref2Link as a standalone tool or as a building block in IT systems such as LEOS.

Ref2Link supports out-of-the-box multilingual detection of EU legal instruments. It enforces the European Legislation Identifier and European Case Law Identifier standards and other references if needed. National public administrations may adapt the default detection rules to meet their own specific requirements. The code will be made available under the free European Union Public Licence (EUPL).

Recommendation 4
Statistical Production Reference Architecture

Statistical Production Reference Architecture V1.0 and subsequent

The “ESS Enterprise Architecture Reference Framework”, abbreviated ESS EARF denotes a set of documents containing a number of key artefacts, which can be used at various stages in projects as well as in the overall governance of the realisation of Vision 2020. The ESS EARF is the result of the collective and iterative work of the DIME/ITDG Task Force on ESS EA which ran from April 2014 till August 2015.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

TES Cartography
TES Cartography v3.0.0

TES stands for Trans-European Solutions. A Trans-European solution is an operational Interoperable European Solution (IES) owned by the European Commission or other bodies (in some cases co-funded by MSs) in support to the implementation and advancement of EU policies. An Interoperable European Solution (IES) is an ICT interoperability solution, developed or used by Public Administrations that facilitates the delivery of electronic Public Services by supporting business capabilities involving cross-border exchange of information between Public Administrations and Public Administrations (or Citizens or Businesses) in support to the implementation and advancement of EU, national or local Public Policies.

TES cartography means a repository of Trans-European interoperability solutions for European public administrations provided by European Union institutions, presented in a common format and modelled using the European Interoperability Reference Architecture (EIRA)[1].. 

Recommendation 4
European union public licence
The European Union Public Licence v1.2

The European Union Public Licence is a unique and open source licence created by the European Commission that is available in 23 official EU languages and can be used by anyone.

The purpose of EUPL is to encourage public administrations, starting with the EU institutions themselves, to embrace the free and open source model. It is legally consistent with the copyright law of all EU Member States, and supports other popular open source licences. It is especially well-suited for public administrations and interoperability tools shared on Joinup.

Recommendation 3

Recommendation 4

Sharing and reuse
The Sharing and Reuse Framework for IT Solutions (SRF)
Developed in the context of European Union ISA programme, the Sharing and Reuse Framework for IT Solutions addresses EU, national, regional and local public administrations that aim at reducing costs, increasing their efficiency and fostering interoperability by reusing, sharing or jointly developing IT solutions that meet common requirements.  Recommendation 3

imaps

 

 

IMAPS solution v1.2

The European Union Location Framework (EULF) Blueprint is a framework of recommendations and related guidance for publishing and using location information and applying interoperability principles in digital government. The EULF Blueprint was initially developed through the EULF project in the ISA programme. The content has been updated extensively through the European Location Interoperability Solutions for e-Government (ELISE) project, which is part of the ISA2 programme. 

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

Image removed.

European Union Location Framework Blueprint

The European Union Location Framework (EULF) Blueprint is a framework of recommendations and related guidance for publishing and using location information and applying interoperability principles in digital government. The EULF Blueprint was initially developed through the EULF project in the ISA programme. The content has been updated extensively through the European Location Interoperability Solutions for e-Government (ELISE) project, which is part of the ISA2 programme. 

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

'.'

OpenPM²

PM² is a Project Management Methodology developed and supported by the European Commission. Its purpose is to enable project teams to manage their projects effectively and deliver solutions and benefits to their organisations and stakeholders. PM² is a light and easy to implement methodology suitable for any type of project. PM² has been custom developed to fit the specific needs, culture and constraints of EU Institutions, but also incorporates elements from globally accepted best practices, standards and methodologies.

Recommendation 2

Recommendation 4

VocBench
VocBench3
VocBench provides a solution to centralise the management of controlled vocabularies and metadata used by your public administration to support interoperability. Recommendation 4