Open source development practices will create further communities of developers, not only in software but also in hardware (Open Source Hardware, OSH) and "wetware", for example in do-it-yourself synthetic biology. Together with the continued fall in the costs of equipment and computing, this creates greater opportunities for new entrants — including individuals, outsider firms and entrepreneurs — to succeed in new markets.
The authors of the report describe this movement towards open source development of technology as part of one of the ten megatrends they have identified. They also write:
Digital technologies will continue to have major impacts on economies and societies. Over the next fifteen years, firms will become predominantly digitalised, enabling product design, manufacturing, and delivery processes to be highly integrated and efficient. At the same time, the decreasing cost of computing power and advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence will further disrupt labour markets, with one in ten jobs in OECD countries at high risk of being automated over the next two decades.