Beyond open data, open science is now the next frontier. This is one of the main conclusions of the 'Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016', published earlier this month by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Open data access practices are increasingly widespread, the authors of the report claim.
Encouraging the sharing and re-use of research data could generate more value for public money. Science is also becoming a less institutionalised endeavour, with citizens conducting their own research alongside the scientific community. However, deep changes in academic culture will be necessary to realise the full potential of a more open science.
The authors also note how governments themselves have now become part of the innovation ecosystem:
For example, given governments collect large amounts of data and increasingly make this openly available, major research and innovation opportunities exist to exploit this using big data analytics.