(A.) Policy and legislation

(A.1) Policy objectives

The global action’s objective is to establish a common information sharing environment (CISE) enabling enhanced awareness and knowledge of what is happening at sea as an important contribution to efficiency in maritime operations and performance in all sectors within the EU maritime domain. This in turn will ultimately ensure safer, cleaner and more secure seas.

In line with the EU digital single market, this translates into seamless, more structured and trusted cross-sector and cross-border information exchange between public administrations across seven distinct maritime domains (maritime safety and security, maritime pollution and marine environment, fisheries control, border control, general law enforcement, trade and economy and defence).

CISE seeks therefore to develop appropriate semantic, technical, organisational solutions and recommendations to enhance the interoperability between existing systems of around 300 maritime public authorities throughout the EU/EEA. As a result, the systems become compatible and the content, speed and reliability of information exchange optimal, enabling improved security and sustainable development of economic maritime activities.

Cross-sector and cross-border interoperability between maritime surveillance systems is the major innovative aspect of the CISE. The technical solution proposed is mainly based on the CISE data and service model. This solution has been tested by the major FP7 pre-operational validation project EUCISE 2020 and the solution is being consolidated in view of the operational phase. The interoperability specifications for CISE have been proposed for standardisation through an Industry Specification Group in ETSI. This development could also benefit the European industry: several industries participate to the ETSI group.

(A.2) EC perspective and progress report

The objective is to reach firm agreement on the CISE data and service model with all the stakeholders involved in maritime surveillance in Europe. This interoperability agreement should encourage Member States to invest more resources in the exchange of maritime surveillance information across Europe with CISE, thus ensuring the long-term sustainability of the programme.

The present version of the CISE data and service model was developed in 2014 by a pilot project (the CISE cooperation project) involving 28 partners from 12 European countries and covering different sea basins and different sectors.

The EUCISE 2020 FP7 project (CISE pre-operational validation) has developed the CISE components using the CISE data and service model and validated them in a pilot environment. This project involved 39 authorities from 15 European countries and has been concluded on April 2019.

The EUCISE2020 project has established in April 2019 an Industry Specification Group (ISG) in ETSI to consolidate the CISE data and service model (interoperability specifications). This group includes Public Administrations and Industries. The JRC and EMSA support the activities of the ISG with the role of counsellor.

A Transitional Phasehas been putin place, since May 2019, to prepare the ground for the deployment of CISE into operation by the end of 2023. This phase, managed by EMSA and benefiting from the technological and scientific support of JRC, is going to develop, deploy and configure the operational network of CISE on the grounds of the lessons learnt of EUCISE 2020 and the standardisation process of the CISE data and service model.

(A.3) References

(B.) Requested actions

Action 1 Based on the existing CISE data and service model, complete semantic and technical interoperability specifications to exchange surveillance information between competent authorities could be standardised.

Action 2 The following complementary actions could be developed in addition to the standardisation action (these activities will have to take into account future developments to extend the CISE components to other domains such as Land Border Control:

  • Development of reference specifications (i.e. the CISE Data and Service model) to be used for the CISE software components to facilitate the adoption of CISE by interested authorities.
  • Development of a testing platform to assess whether the CISE interface developed by the national authorities complies with the standardised specifications. These activities will have to take into account future developments to extend the CISE components to other domains such as Land Border Control.
  • Development of template service level agreement or memorandum of understanding for the future agreements on sharing information between Member States, taking into account the one developed in the framework of the CISE transitional phase

C.) Activities and additional information

(C.1) Related standardisation activities

ISO/TC 8: Ships and marine technology

ISO/TC8 new focus items include:

  • Cyber safety
  • Electronic certification for port entry; data harmonisation, e-Navigation, IHO

Ships’ Energy Efficiency, EEOI, reductions in emissions from ships in freight transport

Projects include:

- ISO 19847, Ships and marine technology -- Shipboard data servers to share field data on the sea

- ISO 19848, Ships and marine technology -- Standard data for shipboard machinery and equipment


IEC/TC 80 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems has produced standards:

  • IEC 62729 Long Range Identification and Tracking
  • IEC 61993-2 Automatic Identification Systems for SOLAS ships
  • IEC 62287 Automatic Identification Systems for non SOLAS ships
  • IEC 62320 Automatic Identification Systems shore infrastructure

Current activities include the following projects:

  • Satellite terminals to support new satellite service providers
  • VHF Data Exchange System to support future e-navigation
  • S-100 Common Maritime Data Structure to support future e-navigation

CLC/SR 80 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems. Standards and projects in CLC/SR 80 are those conducted at IEC level.


As a multi domains/solutions platform oneM2M is a perfect choice for the retrieval and analysis of data in complex systems, such as the CISE ones. Collection and exposure of data form different sources, from weather stations to floating sensors (buoys) for tsunami, from predictive maintenance of naval machineries to boats digital twins, from ports logistics to port surveillance assistants. AlloneM2M Specifications are available at Specifications (


ETSI has set up the Industry Specification Group ETSI ISG ‘European Common information sharing environment service and Data Model’ (ISG CDM), whose main objective is to develop a consistent set of technical specifications to allow data exchange among different legacy systems in a cooperative network, European Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE).

Common Information Sharing Environment provides a networked ecosystems that share an Nx1 (instead of an NxM) integration paradigm. The standardisation of common practices reduces computational resource consumption.


ITU-R Working Party (WP) 5Bis responsible for studies related to the maritime mobile service including the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS); the aeronautical mobile service and the radio determination service, including both radiolocation and radio navigation services. It studies communication systems for the maritime mobile and aeronautical mobile services and radar and radiolocation systems for the radio determination service.

In close cooperation with the International Maritime Organization (IMO), ITU-R WP 5B also develops drafts of operational procedures for urgency, distress and safety communications and operation of systems belonging to the maritime mobile service, including the management of Maritime Mobile Service Identities (MMSI).

ITU-R WP 5B is currently working on the revision and update of some important deliverables, including:

  • RecommendationITU-R M.493− Digital selective-calling system for use in the maritime mobile service
  • RecommendationITU-R M.541− Operational procedures for the use of digital selective-calling equipment in the maritime mobile service
  • RecommendationITU-R M.585− Assignment and use of identities in the maritime mobile service
  • RecommendationITU-R M.1371− Technical characteristics for an automatic identification system using time division multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile frequency band
  • RecommendationITU-R M.2021− Characteristics of a digital system, named Navigational Data for broadcasting maritime safety and security related information from shore-to-ship in the ٥٠٠ kHz band
  • RecommendationITU-R M.2058− Characteristics of a digital system, named navigational data for broadcasting maritime safety and security related information from shore-to-ship in the maritime HF frequency band
  • RecommendationITU-R M.2092− Technical characteristics for a VHF data exchange system in the VHF maritime mobile band
  • RecommendationITU-R M.2135− Technical characteristics of autonomous maritime radio devices operating in the frequency band 156-162.05 MHz