(A.) Policy and legislation
(A.1) Policy objectives
The European electronic toll service (EETS), as required by Directive 2004/52/EC, will achieve interoperability of the electronic road toll systems in the EU. EETS involves two main stakeholders:
- Toll chargers, which operate either on behalf of a Member State or in the framework of a concession contract with a Public Authority of a Member State, manage the infrastructure or levy the tolls for the circulation of vehicles on the network they manage.
- EETS providers, supplying drivers or vehicle owners with the necessary equipment and services to access tolled infrastructures in the EU and ensuring the payment to the toll chargers of the fees due for use of their network.
The Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast) entered into force on 18 April 2019 and will start to apply in the Member States on 19 October 2021. The Commission adopted on 28 November 2019 a Delegated and an Implementing Act which will start to apply on the same date as the Directive.
Directive 2004/52/EC and Decision 2009/750/EC will be repealed on 20 October 2021.
(A.2) EC perspective and progress report
It is necessary to further develop standards, and to revise and update existing standards, to define communication between Toll Chargers and EETS providers, to define profiled requirements for interoperable electronic fee collection (EFC), and support the effective assessment of conformity to specifications, certification and suitability for use of EETS-related standards (underpinned by test standards).
- Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast).
- C/2019/9080 Commission Implementing Regulation https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=pi_com:C(2019)9080
- C/2019/8369 Commission Delegated Regulation https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=pi_com:C(2019)8369
- Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the Community;
- Commission Decision 2009/750/EC on the definition of the EETS and its technical elements;
- COM(2012)474: Implementation of the EETS;
- M/338 Standardisation request to CEN, CENELEC and ETSI in support of interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the EU.
- DRAFT Commission Implementing Decision on a standardisation request to [the European standardisation organisations]/[the European Committee for Standardisation] [the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation] [the European Telecommunications Standards Institute] as regards automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) in support of Directive (EU) 2019/520
(B.) Requested actions
Action 1 Technical support related to the governance of the EETS, e.g. the preparation of the Recommendations for Use (incl. listing of applicable standards) by the Notified Bodies EETS Coordination Group, updating of the EETS Application Guide, assist the Electronic Toll Committee and the ITS-CG.
Action 2 Periodic review and update, when necessary, of technical standards that support the EETS. That includes improvement of technical standards based on feedback from actual implementation in tolling systems and maintaining consistency between these standards.
Action 3 Support the European Commission with advice and expertise in technical standards-related activities in the field of EETS and electronic tolling in general. Define more precisely appropriate transition arrangements between different versions of technical standards supporting electronic tolling and EETS, in line with the requirements of the Recast Directive (EU) 2019/520 and the implementing Regulation and the delegated Regulation. Support the Notified Bodies Coordination Group in its activities defined in Article 20 of Directive (EU) 2019/520, incl. the preparation of Recommendations for Use, incl. listing of applicable standards). Provide assistance to the Electronic Toll Committee and the ITS-CG in matters related to technical standards for electronic tolling and EETS.
Action 4 Monitor and support relevant activities and update, when necessary, relevant technical standards to ensure long-term availability of DSRC tolling technology and improve its robustness against other radio technologies. This action also includes relevant support activities in interference and mitigation technique studies to enable sharing between EFC using DSRC, ITS-G5 and 5 GHz Radio Local Area Network devices.
Action 5 The Commission shall, according to Article 3(2) of Directive (EU) 2019/520, request the relevant standardisation bodies to swiﬅly adopt standards applicable to the automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) technology.
(C.) Activities and additional information
(C.1) Related standardisation activities
CEN/TC 278 — standardisation of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe. CEN/TC 278/WG 1 standardises EFC. An overview of EFC standards and links to the standardised data structures and test suites may be consulted at https://www.itsstandards.eu/25-2/wp-1/
The following CEN EFC standard deliverables are referenced in the Directive (EU) 2019/520 and the associated European Commission Draft Implementing and Delegated Acts:
Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) charging transactions: EN 15509:2014 and EN 15876-1:2016
Real-time compliance checking transactions: EN ISO 12813:2019 and EN ISO 13143-1:2016
Localisation augmentation: EN ISO 13141:2015 and EN ISO 13140-1:2016
The electronic interfaces for DSRC- and GNSS-based schemes between the toll charger and the EETS provider: CEN/TS 16986:2016/AC:2017
Vehicle classification parameters: EN ISO 14906:2018
The standards mentioned above are periodically maintained, as all standards. The following are newly revised standards of documents, whose previous versions are cited in the recast of the EETS legislation; EN ISO 13143-1:2020 and EN ISO 14906:2018/Amd 1:2020
The following are ongoing or shortly upcoming revisions of relevant standards:
Review of EN 15509:2014 is ongoing
CEN/TS 16986 is being updated and converted into an EN. The CEN Enquiry is expected to be launched in 2020-04. The corresponding test standard CEN/TS 17154- parts 1 and 2 will be revised once prEN 16986 has been launched for CEN Enquiry
A CEN preliminary new work item is being proposed entitled EFC - Pre-study on the use vehicle license plate information and automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) technology, in response to Directive (EU) 2019/520. It should notably lead to recommendations for extensions or new standards to close identified gaps in this proposed pre-study.
ETSI TC ITS standardisation of Intelligent Transport System communication protocols in Europe
ISO TC 204 standardisation of Intelligent Transport Systems globally. ISO/TC204/WG5 standardises Electronic Fee Collection in close co-operation with CEN/TC278/WG1.
Systematic Review of ISO 12855:2015 – Information exchange between service provision and toll charging.
Revision of ISO 12813:2015 - Compliance check communication for autonomous systems.
(C.2) additional information
It is required to further develop standards to support (i) maintenance of existing EFC standards, (ii) assessment and monitoring of key performance indicators for EETS (iii) conformity assessment of implementations to standards, EETS suitability for use and product certification (through provision of test standards). It is also necessary to provide support for EFC standardisation activities in form of (iv) targeted technical standards as support for EETS-related activities.
CEN/TC 278 has identified a number of activities that fall within the scope of M/338 and support the further development of EETS. CEN/TC 278 has also identified a potential need for updating the CEN DSRC in order to ensure its continuous suitability and its consistency with the Radio equipment directive.