(A.) Policy and legislation
(A.1) Policy objectives
The European electronic toll service (EETS), as required by Directive (EU) 2019/520 (recast), repealing Directive 2004/52/EC and Commission Decision 2009/750/EC , is aimed at achieving interoperability of the electronic road toll systems in the EU. EETS involves two main stakeholders:
- Toll chargers,which operate either on behalf of a Member State or in the framework of a concession contract with a Public Authority of a Member State, levy the tolls for the circulation of vehicles on the road network in which they operate.
- EETS providers, supplying drivers or vehicle owners with the necessary equipment and services to access tolled infrastructures in the EU and ensuring the payment to the toll chargers of the fees due for use of their network.
The Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast) started to apply on 19 October 2021. The Commission adopted on 28 November 2019 a Delegated and an Implementing Act which will started to apply on the same date as the Directive.
Directive 2004/52/EC and Decision 2009/750/EC were repealed on 20 October 2021.
(A.2) EC perspective and progress report
It is necessary to further develop standards, and to revise and update existing standards, to define communication between Toll Chargers and EETS providers, to define profiled requirements for interoperable electronic fee collection (EFC), and support the effective assessment of conformity to specifications, certification and suitability for use of EETS-related standards (underpinned by test standards).
- Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast).
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/204of 28 November 2019 on detailed obligations of European Electronic Toll Service providers, minimum content of the European Electronic Toll Service domain statement, electronic interfaces, requirements for interoperability constituents and repealing Decision 2009/750/EC
- Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/203of 28 November 2019 on classification of vehicles, obligations of European Electronic Toll Service users, requirements for interoperability constituents and minimum eligibility criteria for notified bodies
- Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the Community;
- Commission Decision 2009/750/ECon the definition of the EETS and its technical elements;
- COM(2012)474Implementation of the EETS;
- M/338 Standardisation request to CEN, CENELEC and ETSI in support of interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the EU.
- C(2021)8130 Commission Implementing Decision on a standardisation request tothe European Committee Standardisation as regards automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) in support of Directive (EU) 2019/520
(B.) Requested actions
Action 1 Technical support to keep the EETS legislation fit for purpose and, notably, advice on relevant new editions or standards that the legislator ought to consider when updating the Commission Implementing and Delegated Regulations.
Action 2 Periodic review and update, when necessary, of technical standards that support the EETS20. That includes improvement of technical standards based on feedback from actual implementation in tolling systems and maintaining consistency between these standards.
Action 3 Support the EC with advice and expertise in technical standards-related activities in the field of the EETS. Support the Notified Bodies Coordination Group in its activities defined in Article 20 of Directive (EU) 2019/520, related to Recommendations for Use (incl. listing of applicable standards). Support the Electronic Toll Committee and the ITS-CG in matters related to technical standards for electronic tolling and the EETS.
Action 4 Monitor and support relevant activities and update, when necessary, relevant technical standards to ensure long-term availability of DSRC tolling technology and improve its robustness against other radio technologies. This action also includes relevant support activities in interference and mitigation technique studies to enable sharing between EFC using DSRC and avoid interferences on EFC using DSRC by ITS-G5 and 5 GHz Radio Local Area Network devices, and other services operating in the 5GHz band.
Action 5 In accordance with Article 3(2) of Directive (EU) 2019/520, the Commission has requested CEN to revise the existing European standards to include information related to the automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) technology.
(C.) Activities and additional information
(C.1) Related standardisation activities
CEN/TC 278 — standardisationof Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe. CEN/TC 278/WG 1 standardises EFC. An overview of EFC standards and links to the standardised data structures and test suites may be consulted at https://www.itsstandards.eu/25-2/wp-1/
The following CEN EFC standard deliverables are referenced in the Directive (EU) 2019/520 and the associated European Commission Draft Implementing and Delegated Acts:
Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) charging transactions: EN 15509:2014 and EN 15876-1:2016
Real-time compliance checking transactions: EN ISO 12813:2019 and EN ISO 13143-1:2016
Localisation augmentation: EN ISO 13141:2015 and EN ISO 13140-1:2016
The electronic interfaces for DSRC- and GNSS-based schemes between the toll charger and the EETS provider: CEN/TS 16986:2016/AC:2017
Vehicle classification parameters: EN ISO 14906:2018
The standards mentioned above are periodically maintained, as all standards. The following are newly revised standards of documents, whose previous versions are cited in the recast of the EETS legislation; EN ISO 13143-1:2020 and EN ISO 14906:2018/Amd 1:2020
The following are ongoing or shortly upcoming revisions of relevant standards:
Review of EN 15509:2014 is ongoing
CEN/TS 16986is being updated and converted into an EN. The CEN Enquiry is expected to be launched early 2022. The corresponding test standard CEN/TS 17154- parts 1 and 2 will be revised once prEN 16986 has been launched for CEN Enquiry.
A CEN preliminary new work item is being proposed entitled EFC - Pre-study on the use vehicle license plate information and automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) technology, in response to Directive (EU) 2019/520. It should notably lead to recommendations for extensions or new standards to close identified gaps in this proposed pre-study.
ETSI TC ITS standardisation of Intelligent Transport System communication protocols in Europe
ISO TC 204 standardisation of Intelligent Transport Systems globally. ISO/TC204/WG5 standardises Electronic Fee Collection in close co-operation with CEN/TC278/WG1.
Systematic Review of ISO 12855:2015 – Information exchange between service provision and toll charging.
Revision of ISO 12813:2015 - Compliance check communication for autonomous systems.
(C.2) additional information
It is required to further develop standards to support (i) maintenance of existing EFC standards, (ii) assessment and monitoring of key performance indicators for EETS (iii) conformity assessment of implementations to standards, EETS suitability for use and product certification (supported by test standards). It is also necessary to provide support for EFC standardisation activities in form of (iv) targeted technical standards as support for EETS-related activities.
CEN/TC 278 has identified a number of activities that fall within the scope of M/338 and support the further development of EETS. CEN/TC 278 has also identified a potential need for updating the CEN DSRC in order to ensure its continuous suitability and its consistency with the Radio equipment directive.