Carbon emissions, air quality, noise levels are all measurable or calculatable factors that can be the basis for an interoperability benefits assessment. Measurements can be associated with action plans and the resulting improvements can be published as benefits of the action plans. The whole impact assessment may have multiple factors (e.g. carbon reduction, congestion charges, industry competitiveness). This is a subject where both targeted and macro analysis are relevant.
Climate action programmes and their associated monitoring of individual administrations (e.g. Sonderborg, Project Zero) or multiple administrations (e.g. Covenant of Mayors) provide worthwhile demonstrations of environmental benefits. On a macro level reporting against UN Sustainable Development Goals highlights the broader commitment and progress towards sustainability.
SCALGO Live Flood Risk is a national flood risk platform in Denmark, that makes use of free geodata provided through the Danish Basic Data Programme and is used for working with climate adaptation, urban planning, emergency management and administration of watercourses. Users include municipalities, utility companies, consulting engineers (such as NIRAS) and insurance companies. Use of the software demonstrates the value generative role of geodata and interoperability for public and private sector organisations, as well as wider society.