Platforms constitute a shared set of technologies, components, services, architecture, and relationships that serve as a common foundation for diverse 4 sets of actors to converge and create value
Source: Gawer, A., & Cusumano, M. A. 2002. Platform leadership: How Intel, Microsoft, and Cisco drive industry innovation. Boston: Harvard Business SchoolPress. Gawer, A. 2014. Bridging differing perspectives on technological platforms: Toward an integrative framework. Research Policy, 43(7), 1239-1249.
ELISE Resources: Establishment of Sustainable Data Ecosystems: Recommendations for the evolution of spatial data infrastructures