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Specifications

The Digital Europe Programme has developed a number of semantic specifications as concrete assetsSEMIC to support public administrations on their path to semantic interoperability.

SEMIC specifications are made available in open and reusable formats and have been progressively developed taking into consideration needs and feedback of the entire semantic interoperability community.

Explore SEMIC specifications, download the latest releases or reach out to our team to receive support!

 

e-Government Core Vocabularies (CoreVocs)

Solutions
SEMIC application profiles

The e-Government Core Vocabularies are simplified, reusable and extensible data models that capture the fundamental characteristics of a data entity in a context-neutral fashion.

Core vocabularies are a cornerstone element of semantic interoperability across public administrations as they provide a standardised approach for describing key concepts such as locations, businesses, organisations and natural persons.

Explore SEMIC e-Government Core Vocabularies!

Core Vocabularies - Overview

Core Person Vocabulary

What is the Core Person Vocabulary?

The Core Person Vocabulary is a simplified, reusable and extensible data model that captures the fundamental characteristics of a person, e.g. the name, the gender, the date of birth, the location etc.

What are the benefits of using the Core Person Vocabulary?

This specification enables interoperability among registers and any other ICT based solutions exchanging and processing person-related information.

Core Person Vocabulary key milestones

  • April 2021 - New public review cycle of several Core Vocabularies. After a series of five webinars, version 2.0.0 of the Core Person Vocabulary was released
  • May 2012 - version 1.00 of the combined specification of Core BusinessCore Location and Core Person Vocabulary was released and endorsed by the ISA Coordination Group, after a public review and discussions in the relevant Working Group.
  • February 2012 - Version 0.2 was developed.
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Business Vocabulary

What is the Core Business Vocabulary?

The Core Business Vocabulary is a simplified, reusable and extensible data model that captures the fundamental characteristics of a legal entity, e.g. the legal name, the activity, address, etc.

What are the benefits of using the Core Business Vocabulary?

The Core Business Vocabulary includes a minimal number of classes and properties modelled to capture the typical details recorded by business registers. It facilitates information exchange between business registers despite differences in what they record and publish.

Core Business Vocabulary key milestones

  • April 2021 - New public review cycle of several Core Vocabularies. After a series of five webinars, version 2.0.0 of the Core Business Vocabulary was released. 
  • May 2012 - version 1.00 of the combined specification of Core BusinessCore Location and Core Person Vocabulary was released and endorsed by the ISA Coordination Group, after a public review and discussions in the relevant Working Group.
  • February 2012 - Version 0.2 was developed.
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Location Vocabulary

What is the Core Location Vocabulary?

The Core Location Vocabulary is a simplified, reusable and extensible data model that captures the fundamental characteristics of a location, represented as an address, a geographic name, or a geometry.

What are the benefits of using the Core Location Vocabulary?

The Location Core Vocabulary provides a minimum set of classes and properties for describing a location represented as an address, a geographic name, or a geometry. This specification enables interoperability among land registers and any other ICT based solution exchanging and processing location information.

Core Location Vocabulary key milestones

  • April 2021 - New public review cycle of several Core Vocabularies started. After a series of five webinars, version 2.0.0 of the Core Location Vocabulary was released. 
  • May 2012 - version 1.00 of the combined specification of Core BusinessCore Location and Core Person Vocabulary was released and endorsed by the ISA Coordination Group, after a public review and discussions in the relevant Working Group.
  • November 2011 until February 2012 - version 0.2 was developed.
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Criterion and Core Evidence Vocabulary (CCCEV)

What is the Core Criterion and Core Evidence Vocabulary?

The Core Criterion and Core Evidence Vocabulary (CCCEV) supports the exchange of information between organisations that define criteria and organisations that respond to these criteria by means of evidences.

What are the benefits of using the Core Criterion and Core Evidence Vocabulary?

The Core Evidence and Core Criterion Vocabulary (CCCEV) addresses specific needs of businesses, public administrations and citizens across the European Union, including the following use cases:

  • Facilitate development of interoperable information systems: the use of common vocabularies to describe criteria and evidence facilitates the development of information systems and improves their interoperability.
  • Create a repository of reusable criteria in machine-readable formats: the use of common vocabularies promotes the creation of a repository of criteria and evidence information.
  • Automate the assessment of criteria: the Core Vocabulary describing the criterion responses allows systems to easily compare the information collected from different parties and enables automatic assessment of the responses for a specific criterion.
  • Automate scoring of responses: weighting criteria, the assessment can be followed by an automate scoring of the responses provided by different parties.
  • Promote cross-border participation in public procurement: the use of the Core Vocabulary for electronic criterion and evidence allows for removing language barriers thereby improving the cross border exchange of information, and the cross-border participation in pan-European selection processes.
  • Calculating statistics: standardising data for criterion, criterion responses and evidences allows calculating statistical information on the most common used criteria for a given process, the most relevant evidences, etc.
  • Create a registry of mappings of criteria: using the Core Vocabulary, it is possible to create a registry of mappings to allow cross-checking of the criteria with the evidences of each particular Member State.

CCCEV key milestones

  • January 2022 - version 2.00 was released
  • December 2016 - version 1.00 was released
  • February to December 2016 - Development of the Core Criterion and Core Evidence Vocabulary
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Public Organisations Vocabulary (CPOV)

What is the Core Public Organisation Vocabulary?

The Core Public Organisation Vocabulary provides a common data model for describing public organisations in the European Union.

What are the benefits of using the Core Public Organisation Vocabulary?

The Core Public Organisation Vocabulary facilitates the process for institutions publishing data about public organisations. It can be enriched with sector- or country-specific information.

The Core Public Organisation Vocabulary (CPOV) addresses specific needs of businesses, public administrations and citizens across the European Union, including the following use cases:

  • Facilitate information sharing: the CPOV enables G2G (Government-to-Government), G2B (Government-to-Business) and G2C (Government-to-Citizen) information sharing.
  • Facilitate the development of common information systems: the use of existing data models for the development of common information systems facilitates the development of those systems and improves their interoperability.
  • Linked Open Organograms: the Core Public Organisation Vocabulary has the potential to link organograms to each other and to high-value data sets.
  • Cross border information exchange: the CPOV allows to manage a cross-border repository of public services and organisations.
  • Find a PO by its function: the public organisation portfolio facilitates discovery of which public authorities and departments are responsible for given areas of the public task.
  • Increase efficiency: the CPOV helps to identify where responsibilities and functions are duplicated or overlap.

Core Public Organisation Vocabulary key milestones

  • April 2021 - New public review cycle of several Core Vocabularies started. After a series of five webinars, version 2.0.0 of the Core Public Organisation Vocabulary was released
  • January to December 2016 - version 1.00 of the Core Public Organisation Vocabulary was developed and released
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Public Event Vocabulary (CPEV)

What is the Core Public Event Vocabulary?

The Core Public Event Vocabulary is a simplified, reusable and extensible data model that captures the fundamental characteristics of a public event, e.g. the title, the date, the location, the organiser etc.

What are the benefits of using the Core Public Event Vocabulary?

The Core Public Event Vocabulary aspires to become a common data model for describing public events (conferences, summits, etc.) in the European Union. This specification enables interoperability among registers and any other ICT based solutions exchanging and processing information related to public events.

Core Public Event Vocabulary key milestones

  • 2022 - an effort was pursued towards an official release of CPEV. 
  • 2018 - a first public draft of CPEV, intended to be piloted, was released. 
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Public Service Vocabulary (CPSV)

What is the Core Public Service Vocabulary?

The Core Public Service Vocabulary is a simplified, reusable and extensible data model that captures the fundamental characteristics of a service offered by public administration.

What is the vision of the Core Public Service Vocabulary?

The Core Public Service Vocabulary aims to offer a technology independent, generic representation of a service provided by public administration. The vocabulary will emerge as the common denominator of existing national, regional and local public service models, providing a lingua franca that will enable the seamless exchange of services and information across different e-Government systems.

Which use cases the Core Public Service will help realise?

The Core Public Service Vocabulary will help realise some very important use cases.

Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Assessment Vocabulary (CAV)

What is the Core Assessment Vocabulary?

The Core Assessment Vocabulary represents and defines what an “Assessment” of “assets” is and how to perform the assessment based on “Criteria”. It is a domain-agnostic vocabulary, meaning that it can be used to assess any type of assets.

Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

Core Standards and Specifications Vocabulary (CSSV)

What is the Core Standards and Specifications Vocabulary?

Τhe CSSV is the vocabulary used for the information exchange related to standards and specifications amongst software solutions, as well as, it is the key element for the development of the new release of the EIRA Library of Interoperability Specifications (ELIS). 

TOOLS
Learn more Download the latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
  FAQDoubts or questions? Consult our FAQ! 

Application Profiles (AP) 

Solutions SEMIC application profiles

Application Profiles are semantic constructs that indicate how metadata records should be designed and published in order to be interoperable.

SEMIC Application Profiles are nowadays widely used across Europe and represent a key element to foster data interoperability across public administrations and countries.

Explore SEMIC Application Profiles!

DCAT-AP

The DCAT Application Profile for data portals in Europe (DCAT-AP) is a specification based on the Data Catalogue Vocabulary (DCAT) developed by W3C.

This application profile is a specification for metadata records to meet the specific application needs of data portals in Europe while providing semantic interoperability with other applications on the basis of reuse of established controlled vocabularies (e.g. EuroVoc) and mappings to existing metadata vocabularies (e.g. Dublin Core, SDMX, INSPIRE metadata, etc.).

Also, DCAT-AP provides a common specification for describing public sector datasets in Europe to enable the exchange of descriptions of datasets among data portals. DCAT-AP allows:

  • Data catalogues to describe their dataset collections using a standardised description, while keeping their own system for documenting and storing them.
  • Content aggregators, such as the European Data Portal, to aggregate such descriptions into a single point of access.
  • Data consumers to more easily find datasets through a single point of access.

DCAT-AP has an extension GeoDCAT-AP for describing geospatial datasets, dataset series and services. Another extension, StatDCAT-AP, provides specifications and tools that enhance interoperability between descriptions of statistical data sets within the statistical domain and between statistical data and open data portals.

Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

CPSV-AP

Core Public Service Vocabulary Application Profile (CPSV-AP) is a reusable and extensible data specification used for harmonising the way public services are described in a machine-readable format. CPSV-AP captures fundamental characteristics of a public service, such as the name, description, competent public organisation, output, etc. 

Public administrations and service providers can therefore use this approach to describe their services and guarantee a level of cross-domain and cross-border interoperability at European, national and local level.

Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

 

BRegCAT-AP

BRegDCAT-AP is dedicated to an application profile of DCAT-AP for base registries, aiming to provide a standard data model / specification for base registries access and interconnection.

Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

 

ADMS-AP

The Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) is a vocabulary to describe reusable solutions, such as data models and specifications, reference data and open source software. The ADMS specification was originally drafted to describe semantic interoperability solutions (previously referred to as semantic assets).

Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

GeoDCAT-AP

GeoDCAT-AP enables a cross-domain data portal search for datasets, as documented in the DCAT-AP specification. GeoDCAT-AP makes it easier to share descriptions of spatial datasets between spatial data portals and general data portals, and thus helps increase public and cross-sector access to such datasets.

The following datasets can be covered by GeoDCAT-AP:

  • Datasets on the INSPIRE Geoportal. The INSPIRE Geoportal aggregates metadata for over 100k datasets across Europe, within the framework of the INSPIRE Directive.
    Datasets on national SDIs. GeoDCAT-AP facilitates the integration of SDIs operated by EU Member States with any data catalogue able to consume DCAT-AP-compliant metadata.
  • General geospatial datasets

The GeoDCAT specification is an extension of DCAT-AP.

Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

StatDCAT-AP

StatDCAT-AP delivers specifications and tools that enhance interoperability between descriptions of statistical data sets within the statistical domain and between statistical data and open data portals.

The StatDCAT specification is an extension of DCAT-AP.

Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS
  FAQDoubts or questions? Consult our FAQ! 

Other vocabularies and semantic specifications

Solutions

In addition to the above-mentioned specifications, SEMIC provides support with additional specifications and plays a role in a number of other key initiatives related to semantic interoperability and cross-border data sharing.

Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS)

What is ADMS?

The Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) is a vocabulary to describe interoperability assets making it possible for ICT developers to explore and search for interoperability assets.

What are the benefits of using the Asset Description Metadata Schema?

ADMS allows:

  • solution providers, such as standardisation organisations and public administrations, to describe their solutions and share the standardised metadata across platforms, thereby increasing the discoverability of the solutions;
  • content aggregators, such as Joinup, to aggregate such descriptions into a single point of access;
  • ICT developers and researchers to more easily explore, find, identify, select and obtain interoperability solutions from a single point of access.
Learn more Download latest release
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

SDG-search-service-model

The Single Digital Gateway Regulation (SDGR) follows similar objectives as the Catalogue of Services Action: improving the exchange of public services descriptions between administrations across borders and improving the searchability and accessibility of public service information for the citizens and businesses.

To achieve this, the SDGR describes a list of procedures and information areas considered as particularly relevant in the crossborder exchange of public service information, such as requesting a proof of residence (procedure) or travelling within the Union (information area).

In this context, one key challenge for the Member States is to agree on common concepts for describing these procedures and information required. For example, what is meant by 'public organisation', 'competent authority', or 'life event'. Together with Member States and DG GROW, the Action has worked on a draft version of an SDG services model for describing the concepts relevant in the SDGR about public services. 

Learn more
Consult technical documentation in Github
TOOLS

 


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