Recommendation 16: Facilitate the use of public administrations’ location data by non-governmental actors to stimulate innovation in products and services and enable job creation and growth
|Implementation guidance||Related information|
- These actions help improve the sharing and reuse of location data to help build the data economy,
- Public sector data is a valuable asset on which added value products and services can be built
- Governments are increasingly open to sharing their data but there are still too many restrictions in discovering the right data and accessing this data easily
- There are inconsistent models in data licensing across European public administrations
- There are proven studies in the contribution of government open data to growth, with geographic datasets being cited as some of the more important data
Core reference data
- Take a strategic approach to funding public sector location reference data (i.e. data that acts as a spatial reference to other data) alongside the funding of other important public sector authentic datasets, e.g. citizens, businesses, property ownership, including consideration of innovative funding models, to promote the widest possible benefit from such investment.
Data policy enablers
- Actively promote the availability of location data and web services to companies, research institutions, citizens and other interested parties
- Make the process of searching, finding and accessing these data and web services as easy as possible, through for example:
- Creating data portals merging location data and non-location data, so data needs can be satisfied in one search;
- Creating an API marketplace as a facilitator for reuse of location data by non-governmental actors;
- Using standardised metadata for describing location and non-location data;
- Consider broad potential uses of the data beyond the primary users, when describing the data resource and specifying metadata;
- Complementing general search facilities with “specialist” search, e.g. thematic portals, extended metadata, to cater for more specialist needs;
- Simplified and consistent data licensing using standard government-wide terms and conditions for re-use of data and services, both spatial and non-spatial, based on generally recognised approaches, e.g. Creative Commons;
- Clearly defined licensing for access to data that has been derived from third party sources (often a sticking point in access to thematic location data which is linked to authentic reference location data);
- ‘Open data by default’ or ‘maximised access to open data’ if not the default, with access to public sector data free at point of use and without any reuse restrictions or conditions;
- Free ‘evaluation licences’ for public sector data that is ultimately chargeable;
- ‘Freemium’ licensing models to distinguish between free and non-free access to datasets, giving free access to, for example, lower resolution datasets, and chargeable access to higher resolution datasets.
Support to innovation and growth
- Public administrations actively support private, non-profit and academic actors in the development of new products and e-services through, for example:
- Establishing ‘innovation labs’ or ‘innovation hubs’ to foster new business developments using public sector data
- Promoting open data policy in government and brokering access to this data through hackathons, open challenges to government
- Incorporating non-government actors in the governance framework for public sector data, so that their demands and views are heard
- Setting up testbeds, as a means to provide different types of user access to services, tools and applications that still are under development. Testbeds make it possible to experiment with new technologies and to test and validate these new technologies in a ‘safe and controlled’ environment. An important benefit of testbeds to private companies is that they make it possible to take into account these new technologies in developing their own products and services
- Setting up pilot projects, in which different stakeholders (public organisations, companies, researchers, etc.) collaborate in exploring, developing, testing and implementing new technological developments. The goal of such projects is to share existing knowledge, ideas and experiences on new technological developments, to stimulate people to further experiment with these new developments and to determine an integrated approach.
- Providing companies and other non-governmental actors the opportunity to add their data and services to the public sector (spatial) data infrastructure, where they are compliant and relevant, providing a wider audience for their products and services.
- Establishing digital ‘geospatial’ platforms through which a community of data providers, consumers and partners is actively engaged in the sharing, enhancing and using of location data and value is created for all partners in the ecosystem.
- Taking into account the needs and requirements of businesses, research institutions and other (potential) users in the further development and implementation of INSPIRE/SDI. This means also non-governmental actors and organisations are invited to participate in user requirements analyses and in defining and describing use cases.
- Demonstrating best practice examples of how private companies, citizens, academic institutions and other users make use of INSPIRE/SDI data and services to provide new or improved products and services. This can be linked to an award competition focusing on the best practices.
- Providing training in the skills needed to exploit public sector location data, use it in developing digital government solutions, and in creating new commercial products and services.
- Public administrations take specific action to facilitate companies from other countries wishing to establish operations or do business in their country, for example by:
- Non-restrictive tender qualifications
- Working with other countries on shared information sources for new businesses (see EULF Best Practice 12)
- Reducing red tape in registration of new businesses
- An inclusive approach on promotion of innovation
- Supporting the appointment of multi-national consortia on government funded projects to obtain the right skills
- Supporting multiple languages where appropriate in relevant documentation and services.
- Businesses or citizens may not be aware of the possibilities that access to government location data may offer or have the capabilities to exploit the improved availability of this data. In accessing data, potential users may firstly have difficulties in finding the appropriate catalogue. Secondly, when they do find the catalogue, it may be difficult for them to find the right dataset for their needs, even though it appears in the catalogue. This is because data publishers may fail to provide good search parameters for their data or the catalogues may not have good quality search algorithms.
- Access to ‘high value’ location datasets, capable of supporting the broadest opportunities, may be more limited than access to other datasets.
- Access to public location data may be subject to ‘unavoidable’ restrictions, e.g. existing commercial arrangements with suppliers, personal privacy concerns associated with the data.
- Although the benefits of high value open government data may be recognised, the cost of making such data available free of charge whilst maintaining data quality may be restrictive.
- Providing open access to high value government data may compromise the commercial position of certain players in the market.
- Free data still needs to be funded. If funding levels drop due to reduction or removal of income from licensing of data or data services, then quality may be compromised as a result.
- Different countries may have significant investments in different data standards, making harmonisation difficult to justify, even with the impetus of INSPIRE
- Sharing technology and data does not necessarily create business value and growth. There needs to be relevant business and commercial acumen and innovation to build the new data businesses of the future.
- The broadest capabilities come from existing players in the market who can afford to pay for their data.
- Product cycles are increasingly short and governments are too slow moving to match this pace of change.
- Governments may want to develop data services that are more appropriately placed in the private sector.
- The wider business environment, including wider government policy, may inhibit business growth, regardless of actions taken to provide access to data. This includes, for example, the tax regime, availability of capital, employment policy, policies on establishment of businesses from other countries etc.
- #1: A digital platform for location data in Flanders
- #2: IDOS – Cross-border journey planner for citizens
- #3: ‘LoG-IN’ to the local economic knowledge base
- #7: National landslide warning system in Italy
- #8: ‘One solution for all emergency services’ in Poland
- #10: Risk assessment in the Insurance business in Germany
- #11: Register of Territorial Identification, Addresses and Real Estates (RÚIAN)
- #12: Enterprise locations in the Euregio Meuse-Rhine
- #13: KLIC to prevent damage caused by excavation works
- #16: Managing the granting of licenses for selling tobacco
- #18: Territorial Information System of Navarre: SITNA
- #19: Democratisation of soil data in the UK
- #21: Integrated transport solutions: TRAVELINE
- #22: Standardised road safety data exchange
- #44: Geoplatforme: a collaborative initiative for the management of geodata
- #49: Rennes Urban Data Interface (RUDI)
The Location Information Framework Observatory (LIFO) monitors the implementation of EULF Blueprint recommendations in European countries. Read about the implementation of Recommendation 16 in the LIFO Country Factsheets or the LIFO European State of Play Report. Explore the results for selected countries at LIFO Interactive Dashboards - Recommendations.
Related Frameworks: European Interoperability Framework (EIF)
|Underlying Principle 2: Openness||Recommendation 2: Publish the data you own as open data unless certain restrictions apply.|
|Underlying Principle 6: User centricity||Recommendation 11: Provide a single point of contact in order to hide internal administrative complexity and facilitate users' access to European public services.|
|Basic Component 3: Base registries||Recommendation 37: Make authoritative sources of information available to others while implementing access and control mechanisms to ensure security and privacy in accordance with the relevant legislation|
|Basic Component 3: Base registries||Recommendation 38: Develop interfaces with base registries and authoritative sources of information, publish the semantic and technical means and documentation needed for others to connect and reuse available information.|
|Basic Component 4: Open data||Recommendation 41: Establish procedures and processes to integrate the opening of data in your common business processes, working routines, and in the development of new information systems.|
Related Frameworks: UN-GGIM Integrated Geospatial Information Framework (IGIF)
Strategic Pathway 2: Policy and Legal
Data Protection, Licensing and Sharing
|3. Addressing Opportunities|
|Design and Develop||
APP2.7: Policy and Legal Instruments - Advantages and Disadvantages
APP2.8: Assessing Fitness for Purpose for a Policy
|Data Sharing and Dissemination|
|Licensing Geospatial Information||Compendium on Licensing of Geospatial Information|
Strategic Pathway 5: Innovation
Innovation and Creativity
Bridging the Geospatial Digital Divide
|5. Operationalising Innovation|
|National Innovation System|
|Innovation Programmes||APP5.10: Pillars of an Innovation Programme|
|6. Innovation Ecosystem|
|Bridging the Digital Divide||APP5.12: Open SDG Data Hubs|
|Study||Assessment of economic opportunities and barriers related to geospatial data in the context of the Digital Single Market||2018|
|Study||Digital Platform for Public Services||2018|
|Study||Establishment of Sustainable Data Ecosystems||2021|
|Webinar||Location enabled public services||2020|
|Workshop||INSPIRE Online Conference: Co-innovation with public-private sector data ecosystems||2020|
- European Commission plan to digitise European Industry, 2016
- Denmark Basic Data Programme: Good Basic Data for Everyone – a driver for growth and efficiency
- Matched funding models: e.g. Innovate UK, EU PCP and PPI funding
- UK: Government Service Design Manual – Open Data
- Socio-economic benefits of Danish open address data
- GeoAlliance Canada: How can a clear identity for the geomatics sector lead to economic growth?
- Australian Government National Innovation and Science Agenda
- Innovation Hubs: Geovation Hub (UK), GeoHive (Ireland), GeoWorks (Singapore)
- Embracing Innovation in Government, OECD, 2017
- Assessing the value of Transport for London's open data and digital partnerships, Deloitte, 2017
- HM Land Registry Looks to the Future, Trigg, A, Geomatics World, Nov/Dec 2018, P19
- Reusing Open Data - A study on companies transforming public data into economic and societal value, European Data Portal, 2020